2014) Quantifying stroke coordination during the breathing action in front-crawl swimming using an instantaneous net drag force
Moreover, the friction, pressure, and the total drag force
are found to increase with Richardson number, it is also found that the heat transfer increases with increase in Reynolds number and/or Richardson number.
Thus increasing the drag force
, less power is produced and practically less efficient.
These values were used to calculate the drag force
In the case of gas cyclones, the last two terms can be safely ignored, which means that the residual two forces--the centrifugal force acting outward and the drag force
acting inward, are determinant for the motion of particles .
Table 3 shows that adding a typical light bar (Conversion A, Figure 5) to the benchmark model increases the drag force
The powertrain provides no positive tractive force and braking must augment the drag force
to adequately decelerate the vehicle.
This finding can be explained by the fact that all of the culture units (lanterns) are affected by the current and waves at the same intensity when these environmental parameters arrive perpendicularly, whereas when they occur in a parallel direction, the current velocity along the main line decreases (Loland, 1991), which reduces the drag force
that each culture unit adds to the system, resulting in a smaller overall drag force
for the system.
D] is the measured drag force
, [rho] is the air density, U is the wind speed, and A is the vehicle reference area (taken here as vehicle height x vehicle width).
g], a drag force
due to resistance to the motion from the surrounding air [F.
By gathering as many observations as possible, integrated software called GEONS-- for Goddard Enhanced Onboard Navigation System can still compute the orbit by incorporating additional information including drag force
, gravity, and solar radiation pressure.
Increasing the model mountain height relative to the surrounding terrain results in an increased drag force
propagated to the upper troposphere.