Drais invented his Laufmaschine (German for "running machine") that was called a draisine
by the press.
Hence, the name Draisine
, although Drais himself referred to it as his 'laufmaschine'.
More often, there is a chronological line-up of different bicycle models, arranged type by type in a way that suggests a linear progression of improved bicycle technology from the early nineteenth-century draisine
to the late nineteenth-century safety design.
He named it "laufmaschine," or "running machine." In later years, it more often was referred to as "draisine
" after its inventor, or "hobby horse."
The Drais machine, made mostly of wood, was called a hobby horse, dandy horse, or draisine
. Propulsion was by walking or running while the rider sat on the frame, not far different from the Flintstones' family car.
Finally, Raphael Zarka's La Draisine
(Gang Car), 2009, revives a similarly futurist technology from the past: The Aerotrain design developed in the 1960s by French engineer Jean Bertin, a fantastical yet apparently functional hovercraft locomotive, is re-created by the Paris-based artist as a hybrid of two motorcycles designed to function on a monorail system.
While you might have to be a railroad enthusiast or a fan of the Wild Wild West to recognize the name draisine
, most anyone will recognize the sight of these track cycles speeding down the tracks in Western movies and novels.
, developed in 1817, was an early form of which method of transport?