Drangiana


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Drangiana

(drăn'jēā`nə, –ăn`ə), ancient country, part of the Persian Empire, between Aria on the north and Gedrosia on the south. It was conquered (330 B.C.) by Alexander the Great and incorporated into his empire. Drangiana is the modern SistanSistan
or Seistan
, border lowland region of SW Afghanistan and E Iran, c.6,000 sq mi (15,540 sq km), fed mainly by the spring flood of the Helmand River and other streams.
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 region of Afghanistan and E Iran.

Drangiana

 

(in classical and Iranian sources also spelled Zarangiana, Zranka, and Zarang), an ancient Iranian region in the basin of Lake Hamun and near the mouth of the Helmand (in the border region between modern Iran and Afghanistan). Under the Achaemenid kings in the Hellenistic period (Drangiana is first mentioned in the Bisutun inscription), this region was one of the most important in eastern Iran. With the coming of the Sakas at the end of the second century B.C., Drangiana gradually came to be known as Sakastan (Seistan). In the first century B.C., Drangiana was also the name of a province adjacent to Sakastan; under the Sassanians, Drangiana was a region in Sakastan.

References in periodicals archive ?
After burning Persepolis (330 BC), Alexander marched through the heart of Iran towards the eastern Persian satrapies of Drangiana, Arachosia, Bactria and Sogdiana.
By 256 B.C., the vast eastern region--with such ancient names as Aria, Arachosia, Bactria, Drangiana, Ferghana, Khwarzem, Margiana, Paropamisadae, Sogdiana, and Transoxiana--broke away from the Seleucid Empire.
The effects were somewhat mitigated by the fact that Craterus and a substantial section of the Macedonian forces had been sent to Carmania by a less risky route via Arachosia and Drangiana.
The eastern Median provinces including Drangiana, Parthia, and Aria may also have been "liberated" though the sources are largely silent about their status.
It is a very, very long time since I wrote to you; but as you know I have been over-occupied with military matters, and while we were marching through Hyrcania, Drangiana, and Gedrosia, conquering Bactria, and advancing beyond the Indus, I had neither the time nor the inclination to take up my pen.