Drawing of metal

Drawing of metal

An operation wherein the work-piece is pulled through a die, resulting in a reduction in outside dimensions. This article deals only with bar and wire drawing and tube drawing.

Among the variables involved in the drawing of wires and bars are properties of the original material, percent reduction of cross-sectional area, die angle and geometry, speed of drawing, and lubrication. The operation usually consists of swaging the end of a round rod to reduce the cross-sectional area so that it can be fed into the die; the material is then pulled through the die at high speeds. Most wire drawing involves several dies in tandem to reduce the diameter to the desired dimension. Die materials are usually alloy steels, carbides, and diamond. Diamond dies are used for drawing fine wires. The purpose of the die land is to maintain dimensional accuracy (see illustration).

Cross section of drawing dieenlarge picture
Cross section of drawing die

Tubes are also drawn through dies to reduce the outside diameter and to control the wall thickness. The thickness can be reduced and the inside surface finish can be controlled by using an internal mandrel (plug). Various arrangements and techniques have been developed in drawing tubes of many materials and a variety of cross sections. Dies for tube drawing are made of essentially the same materials as those used in rod drawing.

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Engineering. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
What Maine tried next came from his experience in die drawing of metal wire.