Dred Scott Decision

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dred Scott Decision


the decision in the legal case of the American Negro slave Dred Scott. The case was heard at different levels of the court system and started in 1848, when Scott asked the court to declare him a free man since for four years, from 1834 to 1838, he had lived with his master in the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin. In 1857 the US Supreme Court declared Scott a slave. The decision implied that a slave was his master’s property even in free states; it reflected the desire of the slaveholders to extend slavery to the whole country. The Dred Scott decision caused numerous protests in the USA and contributed to the strengthening of the abolitionist movement.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Dred Scott decision

controversial ruling stating that Negroes were not entitled to “equal justice.” [Am. Hist.: Payton, 203]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The open warfare over slavery in Kansas, which prompted the term "bloody Kansas," was a factor together with the Dred Scott decision in precipitating the Civil War.
Presented with a divided nation, the Harper's Weekly staff faced a contentious and consequential question: How could it cover the Dred Scott decision for its entire readership?
law but assured of no rights"--a position later affirmed in the Dred Scott decision (p.
A standout example of federal judges expressing a universal, individual right view of the Second Amendment can be seen in the majority opinion penned by Chief Justice Roger Taney in the infamous Dred Scott decision.
Judge Carlos Lucero cited gay marriage's legal success and compared the state's argument that the ban should stand to the Supreme Court's infamous Dred Scott decision that denied citizenship and constitutional protections to blacks before the Civil War.
The reason, we are told, was that "Cato was not about to seize any man's property." The similarity of this to the rationale of the Dred Scott decision in the United States written in the 1850s by President Andrew Jackson's appointed Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney is striking.
Of course, Taney had explained why he believed that African-Americans needed no protection of habeas corpus or trial by jury three years earlier in the Dred Scott decision. In that I 856 case, he ruled that even free black men can have no access to courts or trials in the United States.
Caption: Gun Control: In the Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court ruled that blacks do not have the right to bear arms.
It is reminiscent of the notorious Dred Scott decision of the United States Supreme Court in 1857 which declared that negro slaves were not human beings and were the property of their owners.
Most will forever remember Chief Justice Taney for his racist pronouncements in the Dred Scott decision. (17) McGinty shows that at the time he rendered his opinion, Taney was an old man whose adult daughters were entirely dependent upon him for support, (18) who was well-respected by his peers, (19) and who had previously argued against slavery as an attorney earlier in his career.
FOR MAINSTREAM SCHOLARS, JOURNALISTS, and intellectuals, the notorious Dred Scott decision of 1857 wins the gold medal in the Worst Supreme Court Decision Olympics.