Needle Gun

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Needle Gun

 

a breech-loading rifle. When the needle gun was fired, a needle pierced the bottom of a paper cartridge and ignited the explosive and fuze of the percussion shell. The first needle gun with a rifled bore was the Prussian rifle created by J.N. Dreyse in 1840, which increased the rate of fire five times and had the tactical advantage that the soldier could load the rifle while in a prone position. After the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, in which the needle gun proved its superiority, A.A. Chassepot in France developed a new needle gun of better design and greater accuracy than the Dreyse rifle. The Karle rifle in Russia was very similar to the Chassepot rifle. By the late 19th century needle guns were replaced everywhere by more advanced rifles with a spring firing pin placed in the breechblock.

References in periodicals archive ?
There were several options, including a needle-fire system like the Dreyse, in which a long needle penetrated a paper cartridge to ignite a percussion cap, and the Chassepot, then being adopted by the French, which also employed a self-consuming cartridge.
Nikolous von Dreyse developed the needle gun around 1838 and demonstrated it for the Prussians.
The Dreyse is a self-assembly, small automatic which can be purchased on the internet for as little as pounds 11 or pounds 12.
The remaining cases--Edward III's military accomplishments in the fourteenth century; Louis XIV's operational and institutional reforms in seventeenth-century France; Prussia's adaptation of the Dreyse needle gun, railroads, and expanded armies in the eighteenth century; the pre-World War I battle-fleet arms race between Great Britain and Germany; and the German quest to learn from defeat after World War I--all represent RMAs that conferred at least temporary advantages upon those who sought to incorporate new technologies, doctrines, and institutional reforms in eras of technological change and strategic uncertainty.
Cablegram Dreyse to Harrison, 11 July 1931, Harrison Papers.
He renders Unter den Linden as "Unter den Lenten," Landsturm as "Landstrum," Dreyse as "Dryse," Humboldt as "Humbolt," and so on.
Since 1836, however, a German inventor, Johann Nikolaus von Dreyse (1787-1867), had been working on a breech-loading rifle, in which bullets could be slipped in at the rear of the muzzle, making reloading much more rapid.
The actual development of the new machine gun took place at the Dreyse factory in Sommerda.
In addition to the MG34, the author discusses the Maxim, Parabellum, Bergmann, Dreyse, Vollmer, Mauser, Heckler & Koch machine guns and the MG42, as well as other Rheinmetall and Solothum machine guns.
Despite the fact that France's Chassepot was a far superior arm to Prussia's Dreyse, France's static defensive strategy vs.
The Vetterli incorporated, in concept, the side loading port, tubular magazine and cartridge lifter of the Winchester Model 1866: the turning bolt of the Dreyse needle gun with the locking lugs of the Greene/Chassepot.
was a German Dreyse Model 1907 without grips or magazine, and was missing two screws.