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prune, popular name for a dried plum. Fruits of the many varieties of Prunus domestica, which are firm-fleshed and dry easily without removal of the stone, are gathered after falling from the tree, dipped in lye solution to prevent fermentation, dried in the sun or in kilns, and then “glossed” with a steam, glycerin, or fruit-juice bath to produce a sterile, glossy skin. Most of the commercial product comes from the Pacific coast states. A type of prune was used by Native Americans as a staple item of diet.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a dried plum of the varieties Vengerka Ital’ianskaia, Vengerka Domashniaia, and others. The variety Vengerka Ital’ianskaia yields the best prunes.

Only fleshy ripe plums are suitable for drying. The stone must separate readily from the flesh, and the pulp must contain no less than 10 percent sugar and no more than 1.2 percent acid. The plums are blanched to accelerate drying, remove the waxy coating, and obtain cracks in the skin. Vengerka Ital’ianskaia plums are blanched for 20 to 30 seconds; plums of other varieties are blanched for one to 1 ½ minutes. The plums are then cooled under running water and placed in steam dryers for eight to ten hours at a temperature of 80°C. Toward the end of drying the temperature is lowered to 60°C. After cooling and sorting, the prunes are immersed in boiling water for 1 ½ to two minutes to obtain a shine. They are then treated with glycerin (5 kg per ton of prunes).

There are three grades of commercial prune varieties. Prunes must be black, soft, and tart. The yield of prunes from fresh plums is 20 to 22 percent.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Through our research, we were able to show that dried plums promote retention of beneficial bacteria throughout the colon, and by doing so they may reduce the risk of colon cancer," said Dr.
Over a 12-month period, the first group, consisting of 55 women, was instructed to consume 100 grams of dried plums (about 10 prunes) each day, while the second--a comparative control group of 45 women--was told to consume 100 grams of dried apples.
The addition of dried plum mixtures can control foodborne pathogens in uncooked meat products.
A spokesman for the California Prune Board said: "People have told us that dried plums evoke a more positive 'fresh fruit goodness' image."
Health Buzz: Dried Plums May Reduce Colon Cancer Risk
Over the course of the study, there were no significant differences between the dried apple and dried plum groups in altering serum levels of atherogenic cholesterols except total cholesterol at 6 months.
The study investigating the effects of prunes on bone-density is being funded by USDA and in part by the California Dried Plum Board.
Raptor's performance on the dried plum line has been so good, we decided to install another Raptor sorter on our raisin line."
Known to be high in antioxidants, Acai features a bittersweet berry aroma and lightly tart berry and dried plum flavor with earthy undertones, according to Monin.
It's too early to forecast the 2006 California dried plum crop, which will be harvested in September.