Drift Fishing

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fishing, Drift


fishing from commercial fishing vessels called drifters.

Some ocean fish, such as herring, mackerel, and salmon, do not usually run in schools. Such fish are caught with the help of floating nets, more often called drift nets, which are able to hold the fish that come into contact with them. Seeking to pass through the net and not sensing it as an obstacle to its movement, the fish becomes caught in the net up to its fins, so that it cannot move forward. When the fish attempts to move backward, it cannot get out of the net square. Drift fishing is most widely developed with regard to herring; a drift net for catching herring is rectangular in form (about 30 m long and 10-12 m high). Nets linked together (as many as 100 to 150) form a drift system, which is held together by so-called lead or cable either below or above the wall of nets. Depending on its location, there are two types of drift-net gear: Scotch or Dutch. The drift system and catch are controlled by buoys and floats attached to the upper lines of the nets.

The work cycle of a drift-net boat consists of laying out the system of nets, drifting (which is the main process, in the course of which the fish are caught) hauling in the nets, emptying the nets, and preparing for the next drift (the last three processes take place simultaneously).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And, when you think about it, the $80 to $100 price for a four-hour drift fishing trip is well worth the cost.
The boats on the lake are perfect for drift fishing, loch-style, so after a couple of false starts we checked the wind and started a drift around Dog Isle using a drogue to slow the boat to walking pace or less.
Kayak anglers are also having reasonable sport, drift fishing best.
Chad Wilson will cover drift fishing, float fishing and more from 6:30 p.m.
Enjoying a bit of drift fishing, he was using 8lb class tackle with a trace loaded with coloured beads, and hookbait was ragworm with a strip of ammo squid.
Al Grudzinskas and Dan Kirsch have had excellent drift fishing with Tom Harrison on the Deerfield River in the lower stretch running into Greenfield, landing numerous trout up to 18 inches.
It's prime time for drift fishing with cutbait or setting baits on channel ledges.
Author/fisherman Bob Sampson has spent over thirty years targeting inshore game fish and draws from his extenisve experience and expertise in Fluke: An Angler's Guide to provide a invaluable guide to the fluke which covers everything from appropriate gear and finding the fish to developing strategies for catching fluke, considering different baits, and drift fishing. Nothing is omitted here--not even how to cook and store it after the catch.
For about $175 a day, a party of four can charter an inshore boat for drift fishing or wreck fishing for the same varieties taken from the surf plus black bass, amberjack, barracuda and king mackerel.
Because drift fishing can be lot of work with clients, he usually anchors on the edge of the fishing site so he can strategically place lines different distances behind the stern.
Anchoring has given better results than drift fishing.
While many northern rivers have been too high for conventional drift fishing, some have fallen back into good shape.