drug addiction

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drug addiction

or

drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
In jails of Punjab, barracks of drug addicts have been renamed as recovery centres.
In 2018, over 104 young drug addicts were supported by Dubai Police's programme called ' Embrace ', compared to 79 addicts in 2017 and 50 addicts in 2016.
The daily lecture to be delivered to the drug addicts for three months and the training of life skill, kitchen gardening, poultry forming to be imparted.
Talking to provincial youth Asad Baloch said, in current scenario, Balochistan need Doctors, Engineers and Intellectuals who can utilize their expertise for provincial development instead of drug addicts,
At present, Muhyiddin said, there were 70,000 prisoners in Malaysia, most of whom were drug addicts.
We hope to do the much we can to help drug addicts in this region turn their lives around for the better," said Ms Awy.
The Egyptian Cabinet approved on Wednesday a draft law aimed to combat drug addiction among state employees, as part of a massive campaign launched after President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi firmly pledged to fire whoever proved to be a drug addict in any state body in the aftermath of the Cairo Railway Station tragedy.
This is the first time such an Authority on Drug Addict Rehabilitation has been established in Sri Lanka.
The President's remarks came after Trillanes attributed the results of a recent survey, which showed that majority of Filipinos see fewer drug addicts in their area, to the lack of due process and the killing of drug suspects.
Trillanes was referring to the latest SWS survey that showed that more than six out of 10 Filipinos, or 66 percent, believe that the number of drug addicts in their area has decreased over the past year.
Professionally qualified staff would be arranged to take care of the ice drug addicts. The qualified staff could include doctors, nurse, lab technicians, pharmacists and physiologists.
Kisauni is one of the areas with the highest number of drug addicts in Mombasa.