mule

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mule,

in manufacturing: see spinningspinning,
the drawing out, twisting, and winding of fibers into a continuous thread or yarn. From antiquity until the Industrial Revolution, spinning was a household industry. The roughly carded fiber was at first held in one hand and drawn out and twisted by the other hand.
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.

mule,

hybrid offspring of a male donkey (see assass,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal of the genus Equus, closely related to the horse. It is distinguished from the horse by its small size, large head, long ears, and small hooves. There are three living species: Equus hemonius, the Asian wild ass; E.
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) and a female horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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, bred as a work animal. The name is also sometimes applied to the hinny, the offspring of a male horse and female donkey; hinnies are considered inferior to mules. The mule has many donkey characteristics—long ears, a tufted tail, slender legs, small hooves, and a loud bray—but it resembles a horse in size and strength. Most mules weigh from 1,100 to 1,400 lb (500–640 kg). They lack the speed of horses, but are more surefooted and have great powers of endurance. Like donkeys, they are of a cautious and temperamental disposition and require expert handling to perform well. Both sexes are sterile. Mules have been bred as pack and draft animals since prehistoric times, and are still used throughout the world, particularly in regions where mechanized farm equipment is uncommon. They have been widely used in the United States, where they were first bred by George Washington, but are now found mainly in the southeastern states. Mules were used extensively for military transport before the advent of mechanization. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Perissodactyla, family Equidae.

Mule

 

a domestic animal; the hybrid offspring of a horse (mare) and an ass (jackass). The mule has characteristics of both parents. It has the size and swiftness of the mare. From the jackass it inherits hardiness and a capacity for work exceptional for its size. The mule is known for its long life-span (as long as 40 years) and low susceptibility to illness. It does not require special feed or maintenance. The mule is almost always sterile. Some instances have been recorded in which the mating of a female mule with a stallion or jackass has resulted in offspring. The general color of the mule is determined by the mare.

Mules are classified according to work capacity as pack or draft animals. Pack mules are 110–140 cm high at the shoulders, and draft mules up to 160 cm. Pack mules weigh 300–400 kg, and draft mules 400–600 kg. A mule can pull 18–20 percent of its weight, depending on the nature of the load and the individual characteristics of the animal. All males are castrated between the ages of 1½ and two years. Mules are first trained for work at the age of two; they carry a full load after four years of age. Mule raisers house the young and adult animals under the same conditions as horses.

Mules are widely used in Asia, Southern Europe, and North and South America. In 1960–65 the world’s mule population was 13.8 million, and in 1971, 14.7 million. In the USSR, mules are raised in Transcaucasia and Middle Asia. On Jan. 1, 1941, there were 6,300 mules in the USSR, in 1965, 3,400, and in 1971, 3,200.

REFERENCE

Lakoza, I. I., and V. A. Shchekin. Verbliudovodstvo i osnovy oslovodstva i muloproizvodstva. Moscow, 1964.

mule

[myül]
(mining engineering)
(vertebrate zoology)
The sterile hybrid offspring of the male ass and the mare, or female horse.

mule

An auxiliary hydraulic power supply that can provide fluid under pressure to an aircraft hydraulic system when the engine is not running. It is meant primarily to test the flight control system and the landing gear operation.

mule

symbol of obstinacy: “stubborn as a mule.” [Folklore: Jobes, 462]

mule

1. the sterile offspring of a male donkey and a female horse, used as a beast of burden
2. any hybrid animal
3. a machine invented by Samuel Crompton that spins cotton into yarn and winds the yarn on spindles
4. Slang a person who is paid to transport illegal drugs for a dealer

Mule

(text, tool)
A multi-lingual enhancement of GNU Emacs. Mule can handle not only ASCII characters (7 bit) and ISO Latin 1 characters (8 bit), but also 16-bit characters like Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. Mule can have a mixture of languages in a single buffer.

Mule runs under the X window system, or on a Hangul terminal, mterm or exterm.

Latest version: 2.3.

ftp://etlport.etl.go.jp/pub/mule.
References in periodicals archive ?
The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) has filed criminal charges against a Bacolod-based pastor and three others for allegedly recruiting Filipinos to become drug mules in Asia and South America.
'The entry itself was, in some cases, for the purposes of committing crime, and there are examples in this case of so-called 'drug mules' carrying large amounts of high-class drugs into the country,' he said.
The UK and Jamaican governments were reportedly scheduled to sign a new plan today (22 May) aimed at stopping drug mules boarding flights bound for the UK.
The drug mule was arrested at the airport after an X-ray of his baggage revealed the statue contained narcotics.
DRUG mule Melissa Reid sparked fury last night after being treated like a "VIP" as she returned to Britain.
THERE wasn't much sympathy when our sister paper the Sunday Mail revealed that Scots drug mule Melissa Reid's transfer to a Scottish jail from Peru has been hit by delays.
"During these trips, the suspects were able to gain connections and contacts and due to their successful delivery of the contrabands, they were able to rise from their ranks as a drug mule to drug recruiters," the source said.
At the same time, Credo's mother said a certain Prescy Evangelista lured son Ramoncito to become a drug mule. She is the Philippine conduit of the West African international drug syndicate, said the mother.
Drug mule Tunde Olubunmi was nabbed by gardai with three chocolate boxes on February 28 last year.
A 12-year-old drug mule has told New York judge how Nigerian druglords forced him at knife-point to swallow 2lb of heroin to smuggle into the US - in return for a plane ticket home.
Based on the report to Department of Justice (DOJ) of Intelligence Officer II Bienvenido Castillo, he was informed by PDEA about the arrival of a possible drug mule.
"She was then arrested as officials waited for her to arrive at Bahrain International Airport knowing that she was a newly recruited drug mule."