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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



al-Asha (poetic nickname meaning “weak-sighted”; real name, Abu Basir Maimun ibn-Qais al-Bakri). Born 530; died about 629. Arab poet.

Asha spent most of his life wandering about Arabia and supporting himself by reading his poetry. He was associated with Nestorian Christians in Hira. He did not accept Islam although he was a monotheist and wrote a laudatory qasida (ode) in honor of the prophet Muhammad. He was considered the innovator and best representative of “wine” poetry in ancient Arabia. His qasida is included in the collection of the seven best works of ancient Arabian poetry.


Gedichte von Abu Basir Maimun ibn Qais al-Asha. Edited by R. Geyer. Leipzig, 1928.
Zwei Gedichte von al-Asha. Edited, interpreted, and annotated by R. Geyer. Vienna, 1905.


Rescher, O. Abriss der arabischen Literaturgeschichte. Constantinople, 1925.



a city in Cheliabinsk Oblast, RSFSR, in the extreme western part of the oblast on the Sim River (tributary of the Belaia). It has a railroad station on the Ufa-Cheliabinsk line. Population, 37,000 (1967). There is a metallurgical plant (founded in 1898), a forestry-chemical combine (founded in 1932), and an electrical armature plant. There is also an industrial technicum. In the vicinity there is phosphorite mining and processing. Asha arose in 1898 and became a city in 1933.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


in moral sphere, presides over righteousness. [Zoroastrianism: Jobes, 138]
See: Justice
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2,11) It originates from the distal one-sixth of the ulnar shaft and inserts along the inferior edge of the sigmoid notch, extending both volar and dorsal and blending into the fibers of the volar and dorsal DRUJ ligaments of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC).
The usual causal mechanisms of a volar DRUJ dislocation include a fall on an outstretched hand [3, 13-15], direct blow on the wrist [7, 8, 16], or hypersupination of the forearm [2, 4, 9, 17-22].
Conventional radiographs can detect the presence of positive ulnar variance, ulceration or cyst formation within the ulnar base of the lunate and/or triquetrum, and joint incongruency of the DRUJ. (16,24) Further, the presence of a prominent ulnar styloid must be noted as this may affect surgical treatment, with wafer resections incapable of resolving ulnar styloid-carpal impaction.
In our experience, simple fractures of the ulnar neck or ulnar head (with or without a fracture of the tip of the styloid) have a lower tendency toward DRUJ incongruence and instability and are less likely to require operative fixation.
Caption: Figure 1: (a) Axial T2 fat suppressed and (b) coronal STIR MRI of the left wrist showing fluid in the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ).
His follow-up radiographs at 6 weeks showed adequate distal radius and DRUJ alignment (Figure 6).
The DRUJ is a diarthrodial articulation between the ulnar head and the sigmoid notch of the distal radius.
The presence of intact sigmoid notch is essential for any reconstructive procedures after chronic DRUJ injuries.
feeling of A weakness in wrist, no particular disability if careful, activities slightly restricted Poor Pain, limitation of motion, disability, activities 6 more or less markedly restricted Objective evaluation * Loss of dorsiflexion S Loss of ulnar deviation 3 Loss of supination 2 Loss of palmarflexion 1 Loss of radial deviation 1 Loss of circumduction 1 Loss of pronation 2 Rain in DRUJ 1 Grip strength--60% or less of opposite side (using 1 dynamometer) Point range 0-5 End result point ranges Excellent 0-2 Good 3-8 Pair 9-20 Poor 21 and above * Objective evaluation is based on the following ROM is being minimum for normal function, Dorsiflexion--45", Palmarflexion--30".
(10) Increasing dorsal angulation > Simulated distal radius malunions 10[degrees] associated with incongruity at DRUJ and restrictions in pronation and supination.
of patients Loss Of Dorsiflexion (<45 degrees) 0 Loss Of Palmar Flexion (<30 degrees) 11 Loss Of Ulnar Deviation (< 15 degrees) 3 Loss Of Radial Deviation (< 15 degrees) 7 Loss Of Supination (< 50 degrees) 4 Loss Of Pronation (< 50 degrees) 4 Loss Of Circumduction 4 Pain at DRUJ 0 Grip Strength < 60% of opp.
(46) A shortened radius increases the strain on the TFCC, which may result in distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability.