Druzhina


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Druzhina

 

an urban-type settlement, the center of Abyi Raion, Yakut ASSR. A landing on the left bank of the Indigirka, where the Druzhina River flows into it. It has a meat-and-milk complex and a sovkhoz.


Druzhina

 

(1) The druzhina of ancient Rus’ first appeared in the ninth century. It was an organization led by a prince. Two subgroupings could be distinguished within it. The “elder” part consisted of its more aristocratic members, the privy counselors of the prince. They often received the right to collect tribute from various regions for their own use and had their own druzhiny. The “younger” druzhina was made up of various types of warriors (known by such designations as gridi, otroki, and detskie) and represented the rank and file of the group; they were also called on to carry out various special assignments. With the rise of feudal landholding, druzhina members gradually became landowning boyars. The princely type of military organization lasted until the 16th century, when the appanage principalities were liquidated.

REFERENCES

Sreznevskii, I.I. Materialy dlia slovaria drevnerusskogo iazyka, vol. 1. Moscow, 1958.
Grekov, B. D. Kievskaia Rus’. [Moscow] 1953.
(2) Combat detachments called druzhiny were formed during the revolutions of 1905-07 and 1917 by the various parties and included workers, students, and members of the democratic strata of the urban population.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Druzhina I Put' voina (Pravaia druzhina) (Druzhina I Way of the Warrior [Right Druzhina]) (https://vk.eom/p.sdrujina)
Ivan's 18 February 1566 charter informed Druzhina Neforev in Beloozero that he had received a petition from the Kirillo-Beloozero Monastery stating that the monastery previously received grain from Vologda District.
Polyud'e was a specific socioeconomic institution in which (in Russia) a knyaz ' (duke, prince) went with his soldiers (druzhina) from one community to another collecting dan' (tribute) in furs, grain, honey, etc.
Rus belts are believed to have been an important visual element of the druzhina, a military retinue culture and material expression of Rus identity (Murasheva 2000, 97; Hedenstierna-Jonson 2006a, 82).
A neon-style LED sign with and (for Dobrovolnaya Narodnaya Druzhina, a sort of neighborhood watch) written in Cyrillic, mounted on the lower part of the painting, further obscures the identity of the women, suggesting an advertisement rather than a snapshot of ordinary people, in this case volunteers on a local patrol.
Ne dolgo, no zharko molilas' tvortsu Druzhina ego udalaia I molcha smotrela v litso mertvetsu, O zavtrashnem dne pomyshliaia.
The tax district secretary (d'iak) Druzhina Petelin headed the Chancellery of the Great Revenue before March 1588.
(110) Without them, the archbishops would find it much more difficult, if not impossible, to pay their judges, namestniki, druzhina, and other officials and staff attached to the House of Holy Wisdom or to patronize church construction, icon-painting, chronicle-writing, and other activities they had patronized for centuries.