Guillaume Dufay

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Dufay, Guillaume

(gēyōm` düfā`), c.1400–1474, principal composer at the Burgundian court. After his early training in the cathedral choir at Cambrai, he sang in the papal chapel in Rome (1428–33) and later in Florence and Bologna (1435–37). He was in the service of the antipope Felix V for seven years and was a canon of the cathedral of Cambrai, where he lived from 1445 until his death. He traveled a great deal, knew many musical styles, and was highly esteemed by his contemporaries. His music is in the northern French tradition, but contains some Italian and English elements. He composed three-part chansons, masses, and motets.

Bibliography

See studies by Hamm (1964) and Fallows (1982).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dufay, Guillaume

 

Born about 1400; died Nov. 27, 1474, in Cambrai. Franco-Flemish composer; one of the founders of the Netherlands school. Worked in Italy and France.

From 1428 to 1437 he was a singer in the papal choirs in Rome and other Italian cities, and from 1437 to 1444 he served the duke of Savoy. From 1445 he was a canon and the director of music at the cathedral in Cambrai. Dufay was a master of both sacred music, notably three- and four-part Masses and motets, and secular compositions, including three- and four-part French and Italian chansons, ballads, and rondos, reflecting national polyphonic traditions, as well as the humanist culture of the Renaissance. Dufay’s art, which had absorbed the achievements of European musical art, had a great influence on the further development of European polyphonic music. He was also a reformer of notation, being credited with introducing white notes. His complete collected works were published in Rome (6 vols., 1951-66).

REFERENCE

Borren, C. van den. Guillaume Dufay: Son importance dans l’évolution de la musique au XVe siècle. Brussels, 1925.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vanscheenwijck unfortunately overlooks the small number of musical settings prior to the Petrarchan revival of the late fifteenth century: Jacopo da Bolognas setting of Non al suo amante and Guillaume Du Fay's delightful rendition of Vergine bella could be added to student playlists.
du Fay, Benjamin Franklin, Luigi Galvani, Alessandro Volta, Georg Ohm, Michael Faraday, and others laid the groundwork for practical applications, the first large-scale one being the telegraph in the first half of the 19th century.
Melling Victoria failed to field a team this week giving Mariners six points in two weeks without kicking a ball while Kestrels against Fantail was also postponed as Standpark and Bar Du Fay had a free week.
Good cheer (mixed with the occasional mild spice of disputes between friends) resonates throughout this volume as well, from the subtitle paraphrasing Guillaume Du Fay's rondeau for New Year's, Bon jour, bon mois, bon an et bonne estrine, evoking holiday best wishes (conveniently close to the honoree's December 20 birthday) that include "good gift" (although why this special festive present hearkening back to medieval times has the later French spelling estrenne, the modern etrenne, goes unexplained) to subtle allusions in article titles and elsewhere (e.g., Alden's Ung Petit cadeau, Dagmar Hoffrnann-Axthelm's David musicus, and the fortuitous number of sixty-five titles in Warwick Edwards's hand-list, pp.
Du Fay, Sterling Communications, Inc., 415-749-6550, or kcdufay@sterlingpr.com, for Harris Corporation.
Cumming's engaging and exhaustive Motets in the Age of Du Fay makes an important contribution to the field of early Renaissance music by drafting a clear classification system for motets, which, it turns out, is as challenging as herding cats.
The disc contains the choral music of composers Guillaume du Fay, Josquin Desprez, Johannes Ockeghem, Antoine Busnoys, Hilaire Penet, Richard Hygons, and John Dunstaple.
Part II has a narrower focus, discussing the genesis of the new style in continental Europe in the music of Du Fay and his contemporaries, followed by a chapter on the influence of English music up to around 1450 and--as a long Beethovenian coda--a description of the spread of this new style laced with English influences throughout Europe, reaching the easternmost cities of the Holy Roman Empire and into Poland.
The French physicist Charles-Francois de Cisternay du Fay (1698-1739) was experimenting with static electricity as so many scientists were doing at this time.
In league matters, Kestrel Windmill have gone top of the Premier Division after goals from Michael Boyle, Steven Connors and Dylan Evans earned a 3-1 win at Melling Victoria (Fran McIntosh) who stay fourth and Standpark (Hermundson, Coyle, Fallon) won 3-1 at Bar Du Fay (Chris Winsor) to record only their second win of the season.
by both monks and canons, from the ninth century tip to the time of Guillaume Du Fay. The authors review the bunks listed in the library catalogues of the grand abbeys of the North.