Dubois, Guillaume

Dubois, Guillaume

(gēyōm` dübwä`), 1656–1723, French statesman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. A man of humble birth, he was tutor to Philippe II d'Orléans (see under OrléansOrléans
, family name of two branches of the French royal line.

The house of Valois-Orléans was founded by Louis, duc d'Orléans (see separate article), whose assassination (1407) caused the civil war between Armagnacs and Burgundians.
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, family) who, when he became regent, made Dubois councilor of state (1715). In 1718, Dubois became secretary of state for foreign affairs. Reversing the foreign policy of King Louis XIV, he concluded the Triple AllianceTriple Alliance,
in European history, any of several coalitions. 1 The Triple Alliance of 1668 was formed by the Netherlands, England, and Sweden against France after Louis XIV had invaded the Spanish Netherlands in the War of Devolution.
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 of 1717 with England and the Netherlands, and negotiated (1719) marriage contracts between the royal houses of France and Spain. In 1721 he was made a cardinal and in 1722 became chief minister.
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