Duecento


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Duecento

 

the period in the history of Italian culture that marked the beginning of pre-Renaissance art. The rapid economic development of the Italian city-states in the 12th and 13th centuries prepared the ground for the gradual decline of the medieval world outlook. Numerous local schools of art arose during this period, including those of Florence, Pisa, and Siena, and individual artists emerged from among the anonymous medieval masters. The Byzantine style was disseminated by Greek masters who fled to Italy after the conquest of Constantinople (1204) by the Crusaders, and icon painting flowered. Within the framework of traditional Byzantine and Gothic iconography, realistic tendencies grew stronger, and there was a revival of interest in the real world and in the classical heritage. These pre-Renaissance traits appeared in the 13th century in different degrees in the works of the sculptors Nicola Pisano and Arnolfo di Cambio and of the painters Cimabue and Pietro Cavallini and, especially, in the art of the poet Dante and the painter Giotto at the beginning of the 14th century.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sangiovanni necessarily bases his conclusions on the identification of the judge Tomaso from Faenza, whose presence is attested in archival materials, with the poet Tomaso whose poems appear side by side with the poems constituting the extant corpus of the Italian Duecento. If this were the case, argues Sangiovanni, then it is safe to claim that Tomaso da Faenza was Dante's contemporary whose presence can be attested in Dante's historical and geographical context.
For him portability was what made a new medium: Sculpture arose when the archaic Greek figure was liberated from architecture; painting became a medium in the Duecento when it detached itself from the wall, gaining a back side; and finally television--through the portability of information it enabled--opened a new era of art.
di Vienna, Le Duc di Parigi, Goetz di Mennheim ed altri si spedisce la musica dalla Societa, e si cambia con quella de' loro fondi pagina per pagina che poi si vende in Napoli a due, e fino a tre grana la pagina: per il che data la proporzione del guadagno che si fa dalla Societa nei fondi propri frutta un tal cambio ad un di presso il duecento per cento
Interestingly, in Europe such a collection of short narratives by an anonymous author titled II novellino appears in Italy in the epoch of Duecento (precisely, the last decade of the XIIIth century).
Le Laude citate in questa sezione sono quelle scelte da Gianfranco Contini, e si segue la sua numerzione (delle poesie e dei versi); si veda Poeti del duecento, 2: 7-166.
stretching back from Hobbes to the Italian dictatores of the duecento,
This episode, while certainly not unknown in Duecento artistic programs, was much less commonly depicted than the other included narratives, making its position at Pisa somewhat irregular.
La reconstruccion del ideal ciceroniano en el Duecento italiano responde a la necesidad de dar a la retorica --desde bases orales ya bien asentadas (196) -- una orientacion mas polemica y popular (197) adaptada a las nuevas necesidades politicas y de la que carecia el ars dictaminis, la tecnica (tambien ciceroniana) empleada para la escritura de cartas y documentos notariales (198).