Rosa, Monte

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Rosa, Monte

Rosa, Monte (mōnˈtā rôˈzä), massif, in the Pennine Alps, on the Swiss-Italian border. Its highest peak, the Dufourspitze, 15,217 ft (4,638 m), is the highest point in Switzerland. The Swiss side is covered by glaciers. A nuclear research laboratory has been established on the Italian side of Monte Rosa.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rosa, Monte

 

a mountain mass in the Pennine Alps, on the Italian-Swiss border. It is formed primarily of granites and gneisses. The maximum elevation is 4,634 m (Dufourspitze). In the ridge zone, there is recent glaciation (the largest glacier is Gorner, with a length of nearly 14 km). There are alpine and subalpine meadows and shrubs; below are coniferous forests.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Stretching from the Rhone valley at 500m high to the Plaine Morte Glacier at 3,000m, there are picture-postcard panoramic views from Dufourspitze to Mont Blanc.
There is the beauty of climbing out of Zermatt on the Gornergrat Bahn to the Rotenboden Station and then striding out with majestic 13,123ft high snow-capped peaks in all directions, including the Breithorn, Dufourspitze, Weisshorn, and the Matterhorn.
Here, at the foot of the Dufourspitze. the SAC and ETH Zurich have teamed up to explore new methods of power generation, water purification and waste management--in short, they are trying to find answers to questions determining our future on this planet.
This viewpoint overlooks the Monte Rosa massif, whose summit I gazed at earlier--the 4,634-metre Dufourspitze, which is the highest point entirely within Switzerland's borders.
Set above Zermatt amid the Gorner, Grenz and Monte Rosa glaciers--overlooked by the 4,634-metre Dufourspitze, with a fabulous view of the iconic Matterhorn--from the get-go, staying at this mountain hut would be a peak experience.