Raoul Dufy

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Dufy, Raoul

(räo͞ol` düfē`), 1877–1953, French painter, illustrator, and decorator, studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. After meeting Matisse he abandoned his early impressionist style and turned c.1905 to the more spontaneous expression of fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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. For a time he designed fabrics for the dressmaker Paul Poiret and illustrated books, including the writings of Apollinaire, Mallarmé, and Gide. Using swift, stenographic brushstrokes, he developed a remarkable linear virtuosity and brilliant color. Typical is his watercolor The Palm (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City).


See biography by R. Cogniat (1962); study by A. Werner (1970).

Dufy, Raoul


Born June 3, 1877, in Le Havre; died Mar. 23, 1953, in Forcalquier, Provence. French painter, graphic artist, and stage designer.

Dufy studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1900 to 1901. Influenced at first by impressionism, he worked in the fauvist style from 1905 to 1908. His art reflects a deeply subjective perception of the world, typical of most 20th-century Western European art. Seeking to capture the cheerful and festive side of life in his paintings and watercolors, Dufy depicted horse races, regattas, and concerts. His art is distinguished by a use of light washes of color and a sketchiness of design. In many of his paintings colored areas are not bound by contoured lines; this deprives the forms of a sense of plastic unity. Dufy also illustrated books and designed fabrics, tapestries, and decorative panels. He was also a ceramist.


Lassaigne, J. Dufy, Geneva, 1954.