Cumberland, William Augustus, duke of

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Cumberland, William Augustus, duke of,

1721–65, British general; third son of George II. Entering the army shortly before the outbreak (1740) of the War of the Austrian SuccessionAustrian Succession, War of the,
1740–48, general European war. Causes of the War

The war broke out when, on the strength of the pragmatic sanction of 1713, the Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, as ruler
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, he was defeated by the French at Fontenoy (1745). Returning to England to put down the 1745 rising of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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, he defeated Prince Charles Edward Stuart at Culloden Moor (1746) and earned the nickname "the Butcher" by his ruthless punishment of the rebels. Once more on the Continent, he averted the fall of Maastricht but was again defeated by the French in 1747. In the Seven Years War he signed (1757) a capitulation to the French (the Convention of Kloster-ZevenKloster-Zeven, Convention of
, 1757. Early in the Seven Years War the English army, under the command of the duke of Cumberland, son of George II, was defeated by the French at Hastenbeck.
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) for which he was dismissed.


See two biographical studies by E. Charteris (1913, 1925).

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References in periodicals archive ?
But can Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, really be considered a war criminal?
Ernst August, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover (1772-1851) Koopman / Rare Art, London
On April 16, 1746, the Prince led his Jacobite forces to a nearby moor, where they were heavily defeated by British forces under the command of the Duke of Cumberland.
I was glad to be made to think about the oratorio again, for the previous (too cursory) attention I had given it had suggested either that Handel's first audiences had a capacity for interpreting allegory so broadly as to accept an apparently contradictory analogy - by which the Israelites instituting an insurrection represented the Hanoverians quelling one - or that they were willing to accept a subversive analogy (in defiance of the dedication to the Duke of Cumberland), whereby the virtuous Israelites represented the rebellious Jacobites.
in this case he follows those who have questioned the belief that the clan system was effectively destroyed when the Highlanders were routed by the Duke of Cumberland at Culloden in 1746, following the retreat of the Jacobite army from Derby.
Born in Kent (January 29, 1717); secured a commission in the Life Guards (1731); as aide-de-camp to General Ligonier, he saw action at Dettingen (June 27, 1743), Fontenoy (May 11, 1745), and Roucoux (October 11, 1746); served on the Duke of Cumberland's staff at Lauffeld (July 2, 1747); again on the Duke's staff as a lieutenant colonel, he fought at Hastenbeck (July 25, 1757); selected by William Pitt the Elder to lead an expedition to Canada (1758); captured the French fortress of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island after a brief siege (June 2-July 27, 1758), in which he was assisted by Gen.
For if one limits the discussion to matters homosexual, there are plenty of examples, some mentioned by Morris but most ignored, which show the resilience of the earlier discourse: The Rolliad, the Duke of Cumberland's valet scandal, the death of Castlereagh, and the insinuations that occur in the press and in the jottings and journals of Disraeli and Tom Moore about the relationship between Pitt and Canning.
1746: The army of Charles Stuart, the Young Pretender Bonnie Prince Charlie, was routed by the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Culloden.
7 IN the village is a public house, the Duke of Cumberland, a British Legion club, an Italian restaurant, a fish and chip shop, a newsagent, chemist, estate agents, a squash club with three courts, post office, village hall, parish hall and three hairdressers.
Edith Sanderson, prosecuting, said the offence took place at about 1am when the defendant was walking home from the Duke of Cumberland pub, located in nearby Sunderland Road, with three friends including 18-year-old victim Kieran Dyson.
In an old photograph, the palace, where Mary Queen of Scots was born and which was left in ruins by the Duke of Cumberland in 1746, still dominates the area.
Bred by William, Duke of Cumberland, the third son of George II, the chestnut colt was foaled during the lunar eclipse of April 1, 1764.