Dukhov, Nikolai

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dukhov, Nikolai Leonidovich


Born Oct. 13 (26), 1904, in Veprik, present-day Poltava Oblast; died May 1, 1964, in Moscow. Soviet scientist specializing in mechanics. Corresponding member of the Academy of Science of the USSR (1953), lieutenant general of the engineering and technical service, three times Hero of Socialist Labor. Became a member of the CPSU in 1941.

In 1932, after graduating from the Leningrad Polytechnical Institute, Dukhov worked as a designer at the Kirov Plant in Leningrad. He designed several heavy tanks that performed very well in the Great Patriotic War. From 1948 to 1954 he was deputy scientific director and chief designer of an institute of the defense industry, and in 1954 he was appointed chief designer and scientific director of a design bureau of the defense industry. He was awarded five State Prizes of the USSR, the Lenin Prize, four Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.