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(dəlo͞oth`), city (1990 pop. 85,493), seat of St. Louis co., NE Minn., at the west end of Lake Superior, at the head of lake navigation and opposite Superior, Wis.; inc. 1870. It is a commercial, industrial, and cultural center of N Minnesota, as well as a major port on the Great Lakes, a convention headquarters, and the gateway to a resort region. Large amounts of grain, iron ore (especially taconite), oil, and bulk cargo are shipped on lake freighters and ocean vessels. The diverse industries include fish processing and grain elevator services, and the manufacture of steel, concrete, piping, chemical lime, paper, and hand tools. Tourism is important, and the military air-defense installation at Duluth International Airport is valuable to the economy.

Native American settlements were found there in the 1670s by the early explorers and fur traders, including the sieur DuluthDuluth or Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon, sieur
, 1636–1710, French explorer in Canada. He went to Canada with his younger brother c.1672.
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 (for whom the city was named). Permanent settlement began c.1852. Built largely on rocky bluffs overlooking the lake, the city was at first a trade and shipping center for the timber country. Discovery of iron (1865) in the Mesabi range made it the chief ore-shipping point for the nation's steel mills. With the opening of the St. Lawrence SeawaySaint Lawrence Seaway,
international waterway, 2,342 mi (3,769 km) long, consisting of a system of canals, dams, and locks in the St. Lawrence River and connecting channels between the Great Lakes; opened 1959.
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 (1959), it became one of the leading ports on the Great Lakes for the export of grain.

Duluth is the seat of the College of St. Scholastica, the Duluth Institute of Technology, and a branch of the Univ. of Minnesota. It has a symphony orchestra, a community theater, and various museums. Of interest are the huge Aerial Lift Bridge, linking the city to 7 mi (11.3 km) of sand beach on Park Point; the Skyline Blvd., winding high above the city for 15 mi (24 km); and Leif Erikson Park.

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References in periodicals archive ?
"Our readers will learn more about not only the neighborhoods that they live in, but also the areas surrounding them, and how they contribute to making Duluth a vibrant city."
The TMM Project is a copper-nickel-platinum-palladium-gold-silver project in the Duluth Complex in north-eastern Minnesota, USA.
This article explains how Duluth was able to overcome the economic stresses that other Rust Belt cities have not escaped, and the role the city took in nurturing the recovery.
Dallmann was promoted to vice president of commercial lending in Downtown Duluth and Nolan was promoted to senior credit analyst for commercial lending at the Downtown Duluth location.
Duluth sees the project going forward as an underground operation with production of 40,000 to 50,000 tonnes of ore per day to start.
In just the Tempe and Duluth expansions in 2011 and 2012, ME Global invested close to $42 million to optimize production flow to open up 65 additional net good tons a day.
With some reports indicating nearly eight inches of rainfall in the Denfeld area of western Duluth, the conditions have shut down Interstate 35 and downtown tunnels in Duluth.
Las Vegas based carrier Allegiant (NASDAQ:ALGT) on Friday announced it has launched a non-stop service between Duluth, Minn.
Members Cooperative Credit Union, Duluth, Minn., announced the addition of Mary Marx Lundeen to its business lending team.
A North Dakota telemarketing firm plans to open a new branch in downtown Duluth next month that will employ about 200 people.
Severson, Delivered With Pride: A Pictorial History of the Duluth Winnipeg & Pacific Railroad Superior, Wisconsin: Savage Press, 2008, 240 pages, ISBN 978-1-886028-89-0, US$24.95 (paper)