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former county, Scotland: see DumfriesshireDumfriesshire
or Dumfries,
former county, SW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Dumfriesshire became (1975) part of the new Dumfries and Galloway region (now a council area).
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(dəmfrēs`), town (1991 pop. 31,307), Dumfries and Galloway, SW Scotland, on the Nith River. The chief manufactures include hosiery, knitwear, rubber goods, and canned milk. Dumfries was sacked by the English in 1448, 1536, and 1570. Robert I is said to have killed John ComynComyn, John,
d. 1306, Scottish nobleman. He was called the Red Comyn, to distinguish him from his father, the Black Comyn. Aiding his uncle, John de Baliol, in the struggle against Edward I, he was for a time held hostage by the English.
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 before the altar of Greyfriars Church at Dumfries in 1306. The poet Robert BurnsBurns, Robert,
1759–96, Scottish poet. Life

The son of a hard-working and intelligent farmer, Burns was the oldest of seven children, all of whom had to help in the work on the farm.
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 lived in Dumfries (1791–96) and is buried in St. Michael's Church. Craigenputtock, home of the writer Thomas CarlyleCarlyle, Thomas,
1795–1881, English author, b. Scotland. Early Life and Works

Carlyle studied (1809–14) at the Univ. of Edinburgh, intending to enter the ministry, but left when his doubts became too strong.
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, is nearby. The multi-institutional Crichton Univ. Campus is there.


a town in S Scotland on the River Nith, administrative centre of Dumfries and Galloway. Pop.: 31 146 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Dumfries VA offers great homes from townhomes and single family home for first time home buyers to larger single family homes and even luxury homes.
Nelson has helped many Dumfries and Woodbridge VA Home Sellers.
Jaqueline Herdsman, of Dalswinton Avenue, Dumfries, is alleged to have seized the other woman by the body and punched her on the head at the British Legion Club at Market Hill last September.
| Background reports have been ordered by the sheriff at Dumfries on a 28-year-old man who was in possession of heroin in the town.
Nelson has helped many Dumfries home sellers, sell their Dumfries Triangle, Woodbridge and surrounding area home for top dollars.
571-446-0002 - Call when Ready to sell your Dumfries, Woodbridge Virginia Home Claudia S.
Extension at Enrick, 25 Cassalands, Dumfries - granted.
2 Josephine and The Shades, The Queen of the South Bar, Dumfries, 9pm-12am.
| A case at Dumfries Sheriff Court in which a 28-year-old man is accused of shouting and swearing and acting aggressively in the town, has been continued without plea till next month.
House and detached garage at Caleroca, plot 2, Woodside, Terregles, Dumfries.
Sheriff Kenneth Robb at Dumfries deferred sentence to July 10 for reports and, meantime, placed him under a home curfew from 6pm to 6am.
CROMA VIGILANT DUMFRIES Irvine 106 all out Croma Vigilant Dumfries 107 for 9 Croma Vigilant Dumfries won their West Division One encounter at Irvine on Saturday, in a match sponsored by JB Houston Butchers, but only just and then thanks to the very last batting pair.