Dumping Syndrome

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dumping syndrome

[′dəmp·iŋ ‚sin‚drōm]
An imperfectly understood symptom complex of disagreeable or painful epigastric fullness, nausea, weakness, giddiness, sweating, palpitations, and diarrhea, occurring after meals in patients who have gastric surgery which interferes with the function of the pylorus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dumping Syndrome


agastric asthenia, an illness that arises in some patients after partial or complete removal of the stomach, as a result of disruption of the neural and enzymatic correlations of organs that participate in digestion.

Observed in the dumping syndrome, as a rule, are accelerated emptying (“dumping”) of food from the remaining part (stump) of the stomach into the intestine and disturbance of carbohydrate metabolism and of the function of the remaining portion of the stomach or of the intestine. An attack begins after eating (most often upon taking readily assimilated food that is rich in carbohydrates); it is manifested by severe general weakness (sometimes with suspension of consciousness), dizziness, profuse sweating, increase in pulse rate and a drop in arterial pressure (sometimes a rise), drowsiness, belching, regurgitation or vomiting, and pains in the epigastrium. Treatment consists in eating on a definite regimen, limiting carbohydrate consumption, replacing deficient enzymes and vitamins and, sometimes (if the patient is in poor condition), operating again.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dumping syndrome following gastric bypass: Validation of the dumping syndrome rating scale.
Studies on gastrointestinal hormone and jejunal interdigestive migrating motor complex in patients with or without early dumping syndrome after total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for early gastric cancer.
Dumping syndrome is a possible complication of fundoplication surgery.
Six weeks after the procedure, the patient had lost 12kg in weight and no longer complained of any dumping syndrome. An upper GI series x-ray obtained 2 months after the pouch plication procedure revealed reduction in the size of the gastric pouch and a delay in emptying of contrast from the gastric pouch into the jejunum.
In the first post-surgical year, dumping syndrome and vomiting can be common following malabsorptive procedures.
Dumping syndrome may occur in patients who undergo a combined restrictive/malabsorptive procedure such as the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
"Dumping syndrome" is a condition in which the patient experiences dizziness, sweating, and weakness after meals.
However, in some cases of gastric paresis, dumping syndrome and diabetes, the slow and controlled delivery of formula is necessary to prevent aspiration, diarrhea and blood sugar swings, respectively.
Nutritional deficiencies, decreased bone mineral density, and dumping syndrome are just some of the challenges these patients face.
Surgery is often not a walk in the park, with 40% of postcholecystectomy patients still having symptoms of nausea, pain, gas, bloating, IBS, dumping syndrome, scarring, and food intolerance.
Schecter had performed gastric surgery on Janet Warren for peptic ulcer disease, and had warned the patient of the risks of bowel obstruction, dumping syndrome, and anesthetic death.
If you eat foods too high in sugar or fat after the op you'll get "dumping syndrome" - an unpleasant combination of nausea, abdominal cramps, sweating and diarrhoea.