Dumping Syndrome

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dumping syndrome

[′dəmp·iŋ ‚sin‚drōm]
An imperfectly understood symptom complex of disagreeable or painful epigastric fullness, nausea, weakness, giddiness, sweating, palpitations, and diarrhea, occurring after meals in patients who have gastric surgery which interferes with the function of the pylorus.

Dumping Syndrome


agastric asthenia, an illness that arises in some patients after partial or complete removal of the stomach, as a result of disruption of the neural and enzymatic correlations of organs that participate in digestion.

Observed in the dumping syndrome, as a rule, are accelerated emptying (“dumping”) of food from the remaining part (stump) of the stomach into the intestine and disturbance of carbohydrate metabolism and of the function of the remaining portion of the stomach or of the intestine. An attack begins after eating (most often upon taking readily assimilated food that is rich in carbohydrates); it is manifested by severe general weakness (sometimes with suspension of consciousness), dizziness, profuse sweating, increase in pulse rate and a drop in arterial pressure (sometimes a rise), drowsiness, belching, regurgitation or vomiting, and pains in the epigastrium. Treatment consists in eating on a definite regimen, limiting carbohydrate consumption, replacing deficient enzymes and vitamins and, sometimes (if the patient is in poor condition), operating again.


References in periodicals archive ?
Dumping syndrome is a common complication following BS, with prevalence ranging from 25% to 75%, depending upon the type of procedure performed.
Dumping syndrome following gastric bypass: Validation of the dumping syndrome rating scale.
This natural orifice technique is an effective treatment for refractory dumping syndrome after RYGB without the need to perform open or laparoscopic revision.
TABLE 1 Potential complications after bariatric surgery Malabs- Combined Restrict- orptive * ([dagger]) ive ([double dagger]) Wound infection [check] [check] [check] Anastomotic leak [check] [check] [check] Stomal stenosis [check] [check] [check] Marginal ulcer [check] [check] [check] Pouch dilation [check] [check] Staple failure [check] [check] Band migration/erosion [check] Access port complications [check] Thromboembolism [check] [check] [check] Pulmonary embolism [check] [check] [check] Nausea/vomiting [check] [check] [check] Gallstones [check] [check] [check] Dumping syndrome [check] [check] [check] Gastroesophageal reflux [check] [check] disease Nutrient deficiency [check] [check] (iron, vitamin [B.
Surgery is often not a walk in the park, with 40% of postcholecystectomy patients still having symptoms of nausea, pain, gas, bloating, IBS, dumping syndrome, scarring, and food intolerance.
A second operation was undertaken because she developed postoperative dumping syndrome and alkaline reflux gastritis, and the surgeon again failed to advise her of the risk of metabolic bone disease.
Further more, dumping syndrome, where food moves too quickly through the intestine, can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, dizziness and sweating.
Dumping syndrome in the postoperative period is related to:
Mr Kinsella now suffers from dumping syndrome, which means eating can leave him feeling very hot, bloated and suffering from nausea and sometimes drowsy to the point of passing out.