Dumyat

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Dumyat

(do͝omyät`) or

Damietta

(dămēĕt`ə), city (1986 pop. 89,069), capital of Dumyat governorate, N Egypt, on Lake Manzala near the Mediterranean Sea. It is a manufacturing and trade center. Its products include glassware; cotton, silk, and rayon textiles; and processed rice and fish. Of commercial and strategic importance in the Middle Ages, Dumyat was pillaged by the Byzantines and by the Sicilian NormansNormans,
designation for the Northmen, or Norsemen, who conquered Normandy in the 10th cent. and adopted Christianity and the customs and language of France. Abandoning piracy and raiding, they adopted regular commerce and gave much impetus to European trade.
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. It was captured and held by Crusaders from 1219 to 1221 and again (under Louis IX of France) from 1249 to 1250. Dimity, a sheer cotton fabric, was first made there. The city is the seat of Dumyat Institute, a branch of Al Azhar Univ.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dumyāt

 

a city in Egypt. Sea and river port in the Nile Delta near the Mediterranean mouth of the Nile River; administrative center of the governorate of Dumyāt. Population, 86,300 (1966). Dumyāt is a trade and transportation center with a large rice-polishing industry and production of cotton, silk, and rayon articles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.