Dunkirk

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Dunkirk

(dŭn`kûrk), Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England. It is a steel center; oil refining, shipbuilding, food processing, and the manufacture of electrical equipment are also important. Among Dunkirk's chief exports are construction materials, steel products, cement, fruits and vegetables, sugar, fertilizer, and pre-assembled structures. Probably founded c.7th cent. A.D. and often fortified, Dunkirk played a key role in the struggles in Europe that extended over centuries; it was ruled successively by Flanders, Burgundy, Austria, France, England, and Spain. Ceded briefly in the 1650s to Oliver Cromwell, it was bought back permanently from Charles II by Louis XIV in 1662. The town withstood an Anglo-Dutch bombardment in 1694 and an English siege in 1793. During the 19th cent. improvements were made on the harbor, and Dunkirk grew in commercial importance. During World War II, more than 300,000 Allied troops who were cut off from retreat on land by the German breakthrough to the French Channel ports were evacuated (May 26–June 4, 1940) from Dunkirk. The retreat was carried out by all kinds of available British craft, some manned by civilian volunteers, and was protected by the Royal Air Force. It is considered one of the epic actions of naval history.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Turnball (1978), J. Harris (1988), and H. Sebag-Montefiore (2006).


Dunkirk,

city (1990 pop. 13,989), Chautauqua co., SW N.Y., on Lake Erie; founded c.1800, inc. as a city 1880. It is a port of entry and trades extensively with other Great Lakes' ports. Dunkirk, located in the grape belt, produces wines and other grape products. The city also manufactures steel, food products, and clothing. In 1946, Dunkirk developed a program to help DunkirkDunkirk
, Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England.
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, France (for which it was named), recover from World War II. Other U.S. cities followed Dunkirk's example and established a program, called the One World Plan, to aid war-damaged European cities.
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Dunkirk

340,000 British troops evacuated against long odds (1941). [Eur. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Escape

Dunkirk

combined military-civilian operation rescued 340,000 British troops (1940). [Br. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Rescue
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
QP holds 40% in a petrochemical plant in Dunkirk, France, with CdF Chimie (60%) and the JV company is called COPENOR.
Three French companies - Usinor, Air Liquide and Gaz de France - have signed a memorandum of understanding to form a joint venture to finance, construct and ultimately operate a power plant fuelled by recycled furnace gases at Usinor's steel & iron works in Dunkirk, France. This follows an agreement, in February 1999, between Usinor and Air Liquide to recycle the furnace gases.
The drinks company said it traced the origin of the problems to a plant in Dunkirk, France, and another factory in the Belgian city of Antwerp.
Coke authorities said separate errors occurred at two Coca-Cola plants, one in the northern Belgian city of Antwerp and the other in Dunkirk, France, just across the Belgian border.
Assets of the new Milan, Italy-based company include all of EniChem's polyethylene production and research and development facilities in Italy, Germany and France, as well as ethylene production capacity in Brindisi, Italy and Dunkirk, France. The joint venture company's assets also include the use of Union Carbide's gas-phase Unipol Process for the manufacture of polyethylene.
At Coca-Cola's new plant in Dunkirk, France, managers took a decidedly unorthodox course.
Dunkirk: The New Evidence C4, 8pm Documentary examining the famous World War II evacuation of Allied soldiers - codenamed Operation Dynamo - from the beaches of Dunkirk, France, between May 26 and June 4, 1940.
Up to now, the squad has been combining their Diam 24 training with other commitments but from now until the 8 July when the three week long TDFV starts in Dunkirk, France, the Oman Airports by Oman Sail crew will be living and breathing Diam 24s, said skipper Douillard.
He saw not only the British's dogged survival in the May-June 1940 evacuation of Dunkirk, France, and in the Battle of Britain that summer and fall, but also their consistent failure in Norway, France, and Greece, at Hong Kong, Singapore, and Tobruk.
GERT STEEGMANS won the second stage of the Tour de France yesterday from Dunkirk, France to Ghent in his homeland of Belgium.
Washington Judo Club's Rhys Ash is part of the British Judo Council's national junior team for an international event in Dunkirk, France.