Dunois, Jean, comte de

Dunois, Jean, comte de

(zhäN kôNt də dünwä`), c.1403–1468, French general, called the Bastard of Orléans; natural son of Louis, duc d'Orléans. He joined the Armagnacs in the civil war during the reign of King Charles VI and was captured (1418) by the Burgundians (see Armagnacs and BurgundiansArmagnacs and Burgundians,
opposing factions that fought to control France in the early 15th cent. The rivalry for power between Louis d'Orléans, brother of the recurrently insane King Charles VI, and his cousin John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy, led to Louis's murder
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). Released in 1420, he entered the service of the dauphin (later King Charles VIICharles VII
(Charles the Well Served), 1403–61, king of France (1422–61), son and successor of Charles VI. His reign saw the end of the Hundred Years War. Although excluded from the throne by the Treaty of Troyes, Charles took the royal title after his father's death
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 of France) during the Hundred Years WarHundred Years War,
1337–1453, conflict between England and France. Causes

Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by William of Normandy created a state lying on both sides of the English Channel. In the 14th cent.
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. Dunois had charge of the defense of Orléans when it was relieved (1429) by Joan of Arc, joined her subsequent campaign, and took part in the coronation of Charles VII. In 1436 he aided in the capture of Paris. He received (1439) the county of Dunois from his half-brother Charles, duc d'Orléans. Charles VII later made him count of Longueville. Dunois was prominent in the conquest of Guienne and Normandy in the final years of the Hundred Years War. He participated in the PragueriePraguerie
, 1440, revolt against King Charles VII of France, so called in allusion to the Hussite uprising in Prague. It was led by several great feudal lords, including the comte de Dunois, who resented the diminution of their influence over the royal government.
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 against Charles VII and was (1465) a leader of the League of the Public Weal against King Louis XILouis XI,
1423–83, king of France (1461–83), son and successor of Charles VII. Early Life

As dauphin Louis was almost constantly in revolt against his father.
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, but each time he regained favor at court.
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