Duplex Process

duplex process

[′dü‚pleks ‚präs·əs]
A two-step procedure in which steel is refined by one process (usually the Bessemer process) and finished by another process (usually open-hearth or electric-furnace). Also known as duplexing; duplex practice.

Duplex Process


in metallurgy, a steel-making process that is carried out in two successive steel-melting units (the process is sometimes also used to smelt cast iron, beginning in a cupola furnace and ending in an electric furnace).

The duplex process, which was first used in the second half of the 19th century, makes possible more efficient use of various units. For example, the duplex process using a basic open hearth furnace and an arc furnace or a converter and an arc furnace is used to increase the output of the electric furnace (that is, to increase the output of high-quality steel) and to reduce the specific consumption of electric power, which is accomplished by removing from the electric furnace such operations as the melting of the charge and the partial refining of the metal; in the duplex process, only the final refining and deoxidation of the steel are carried out in the arc furnace. The application of the duplex process is limited.

References in periodicals archive ?
These include PVD coatings along with low friction Carbon thin films, such as WCC-H and DLC, and a recently developed duplex process called Nitron 100 for Titanium alloys and stainless steels," states Wallwork, which also provides dry lubricating films with both Molybdenum Disulphate and Xylan.
Using a duplex process, the base metal can first be hardened by the diffusion of nitrogen into the surface.