Guillaume Dupuytren

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dupuytren, Guillaume


Born Oct. 6, 1777, in Pierre-Buffière; died Feb. 8, 1835, in Paris. French surgeon. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1825) and Medical Academy (1820).

Dupuytren began studying medicine at the age of 12 in Paris and at 16 became a dissector and began lecturing on anatomy. Beginning in 1815 he was chief surgeon of the Hotel Dieu hospital and simultaneously (from 1812) occupied the chair of clinical surgery in the medical faculty of the University of Paris. Dupuytren developed surgical procedures for various operations: resection of the lower jaw (performed for the first time in medical practice), subcutaneous transection of the sternocleidomastoid muscles, and ligation of large arteries. He described fractures of the tibia and radius and contracture of the palmar aponeurosis (Dupuytren’s contracture, Dupuytren’s fracture). He was one of the first to work out the problem of setting old dislocations. After Dupuytren’s death, the Paris municipality founded a museum, naming it after him.


Leçons orales de clinique chirurgicale faites à l’Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, vols. 1-6. Paris, 1832-34.
Mémoires sur une manière nouvelle de pratiquer l’operation de la pierre. Paris, 1836.


Diday, P. “Guillaume Dupuytren.” Lyon médical, 1879, vol. 30, pp. 253, 303.
“Memoir of Dupuytren.” Lancet, 1834-35, vol. 1, pp. 820-25.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Hentz, "The treatment of Dupuytren disease," Journal of Hand Surgery, vol.
And a survey by RTI International found that an estimated 7 percent of Americans have Dupuytren contracture, a hand condition that develops when the connective tissue under the palm's skin contracts and toughens over time.
Dupuytren's contracture is more common in middle aged and elderly males with 42 to 60% of bilateral hand involvement.
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Ormond speculated that RF was a systemic disease rather than local and hence it was unlike keloid, Dupuytren contracture or Peyronie disease.
Untold harm was caused by unsubstantiated proclamations such as that by Dupuytren, who held that under no circumstances could a structure as insignificant as the appendix be responsible for any abdominal mischief.
It rolls off the tongue like a torture machine from the Inquisition - Dupuytren's contracture - but it's really just an odd sort of hand deformity, most likely genetic, that can be surgically corrected.
En 10% de los casos se relaciona con la enfermedad de Dupuytren (contractura de la aponeurosis palmar)[2].
d'Ecole des Medecins and rue Dupuytren, I suppose because that city