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ancient city, Syria: see DuraDura
or Europus
, ancient city of Syria, E of Palmyra on a plateau above the Euphrates River. It is also called Dura-Europos or Dura-Europus. Founded (c.300 B.C.) by a general of Seleucus I, it prospered. In the 2d cent. A.D. the Parthians took Dura, and in A.D.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Doura-Europos), a city in the middle reaches of the Euphrates (near modern-day Qal’at es Salihiye), founded by King Seleucus I Nicator circa 300 B.C. In the second half of the second century B.C. the city passed to the control of the Parthian Kingdom, and in 165 B.C. it came under Roman rule. In 256 A.D., Dura-Europos was destroyed by the troops of the Sassanids.

The city was of a regular plan during the Seleucid period, from which date an agora, the remains of temples, and a citadel. A palace and the ruins of numerous temples (Baal, Artemis Nanaia, Atargatis, Zeus Curiosus, Zeus Theos, Palmyrene Gods) with frescoes and reliefs have survived from the Parthian period. Remains from the Roman period include fortifications, thermae, a Christian church, a synagogue, and the temple of Mithras, the last three with unique wall paintings. Excavations were conducted from 1922 to 1937 intermittently by F. Cumont and M. I. Rostovtsev. In addition to the remains of architectural monuments, documents in Greek, Latin, Aramaic, and other languages have been found (Dura-Europos was a major trade center and had an ethnically mixed population).


Shishova, I. A. “Dura-Evropos—krepost’ Parfianskogo tsarstva.” Uch. zap. Leningradskogo universiteta, no. 192. Seriia istoricheskikh nauk, issue 21, 1956.
Rostovtzeff, M. Dura-Europos and Its Art. Oxford, 1938.
The Excavations at Dura-Europos. New Haven, 1929-59.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The show teases out a potential historical interpretation of Jews, Christians and polytheists living in "peaceful pluralism" on certain sites, like Dura-Europos in present-day Syria.
With the exception of a few examples from the empire at home (a look at cults of eastern immigrants in Rome, or jewels from a tomb in Italy), the exhibition covers a vast geographic arc, starting in south-western Arabia, jumping to modern Jordan, skipping to Judea and Phoenicia, then proceeding eastwards to Baalbek in the Beqaa valley, the two extraordinary Syrian sites of Palmyra and Dura-Europos, then Hatra in northern Iraq, and finally Mesopotamia (Babylonia, Ctesiphon), stopping on the edges of Iran.
The Takfiri terrorist organization published a video showing its member using sledgehammers to destroy archeological statues and artifacts found in the Dura-Europos site west of al-Bukamal city in the countryside of Deir Ezzur province, SANA reported.
The terror organization published a video showing its member using sledgehammers to destroy archeological statues and artifacts found in the Dura-Europos site west of al-Bukamal city in the countryside of Deir Ezzor province.
The ancient city of Dura-Europos near the Syria-Iraqi border was built around 300 B.C and served as a Roman outpost. The city contained the world's oldest church, as well as an early synagogue.
"Shopping, Eating and Drinking at Dura-Europos: Reconstructing Contexts." In L.
This masterpiece recalls, more than any twentieth-century source, frescoes at sites along the Silk Road, such as those from the first century Bc in Dura-Europos, Syria, or from the fourth century AD in Penjikent, Tajikistan.
"Our findings could be very similar to Palmyrene Gate Dura-Europos in eastern Syria," the archaeologist said.
A brief note on the function of the argbed 'commander of a fortress'', which the author relates to the arkapdtes known from Dura-Europos, is most welcome, and has since then been further expanded upon (M.
We can agree with Hoyland (374) that this period, which also saw the emergence of a Samaritan script in the fourth century (Dan Barag, "Samaritan writing and writings"), represented an "efflorescence of a whole range of languages and scripts across the Roman empire," and nowhere more vividly exemplified than at Dura-Europos (see Ted Kaizer, "Religion and language in Dura-Europos"), or Palmyra, where eight churches are now known from late antiquity, at least one of them from the Umayyad period.