Dutch West India Company


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Dutch West India Company,

trading and colonizing company, chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. Through its agency New NetherlandNew Netherland,
territory included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India Company in 1621. Colonists were settled along the Hudson River region; in 1624 the first permanent settlement was established at Fort Orange (now Albany, N.Y.).
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 was founded. The phenomenal success of the Dutch East India Company was an influential factor in its establishment. The United New Netherland Company, which had been trading around the mouth of the Hudson River for several years, was absorbed into the new company. By the terms of the charter no citizen of the Netherlands could trade with any point on the African coast between the Tropic of Cancer and the Cape of Good Hope or on the American coast between Newfoundland and the Straits of Magellan without the company's permission. The company was responsible to the States-General in larger matters, such as declaring war, but otherwise had almost complete administrative and judicial power in its territory. The company was initially interested taking Brazil from the Portuguese. After 30 years of warfare, however, Brazil was lost. By that time the company had built Fort Orange (1624) on the site of Albany, N.Y., Fort Nassau (1624) on the Delaware River, Fort Good Hope on the site of Hartford on the Connecticut River, and finally Fort Amsterdam (1626), on the southern tip of Manhattan Island, which was the nucleus of the settlement called New Amsterdam, now New York City. England could not then afford to antagonize the Dutch because of wars with France and Spain and so permitted the Dutch settlement to be made on lands that England claimed. New Netherland remained under the control of the company until the English finally conquered it in 1664 (see New YorkNew York,
Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Ontario (NW), and the province of Quebec (N).
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, state). The company's unsound financial condition led to its reorganization under a new charter in 1674. Thereafter it engaged primarily in the African slave trade, though it still possessed colonies in Guiana. In 1791 its charter expired and was not renewed.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dutch West India Company helped further fuel demand, noting in a 1629 report to the States-General of the United Netherlands that the colonists "being unaccustomed to so hot a climate can with great difficulty betake themselves to agriculture," a feat made even more arduous by the fact that they were "unprovided with slaves and not used to the employment of them.
This plan is the result of a survey made during the summer of 1660 by Jacques Cortelyou--the surveyor-general to the Dutch West India Company from January 1657--and was the third of four performed by him between 1657 and 1661.
The foundation of a Dutch West India Company became for Usselincx and his supporters a moral mission, a drive to "save" the native Americans and forge with them the anti-Spanish alliance they so desperately sought.
The first colonists sent by the Dutch West India Company settled along the Hudson R.
To achieve the goals of permanent settlement and agricultural production, the Dutch West India Company instituted the patroon system, in which landowners were given tracts of land to settle and develop.
Had he engaged in a historiographical analysis of his chosen topic, slavery, Gates would have been compelled to examine the role of the British Royal African Company, the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch West India Company, the Joint Stock Trading Company, the Danish Guinea Company, the Swedish Africa Company, the French Senegal Company, etc.
The Pig War was a dispute between Director Kieft of the Dutch West India Company and the settlers.
The diary of his visit to the offices of the Dutch West India Company to negotiate a South American colony for the Count of Hanau, yields a rich description of seventeenth-century Dutch capitalism at work.
Their right to stay was upheld by the Dutch West India Company against the wishes of Gov.
Although the links in the slave trade between Upper Guinea and Curasao have been claimed to be weak, Jacobs argues that the Amsterdam chapter of the first Dutch West India Company actually had a significant presence in the relevant part of West Africa, and that the Sephardic Jews, important financers of the Company, were also established there.
When the Dutch West India Company set up a trading post on Manhattan in the 17th century (see play, pp.
Between 1626 and 1771 colonial New Amsterdam/New York relied on a supplementary labor force of enslaved Blacks shipped to the area from the West Indies and Africa through the auspices of the Dutch West India Company.