Dutch West India Company


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Dutch West India Company,

trading and colonizing company, chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. Through its agency New NetherlandNew Netherland,
territory included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India Company in 1621. Colonists were settled along the Hudson River region; in 1624 the first permanent settlement was established at Fort Orange (now Albany, N.Y.).
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 was founded. The phenomenal success of the Dutch East India Company was an influential factor in its establishment. The United New Netherland Company, which had been trading around the mouth of the Hudson River for several years, was absorbed into the new company. By the terms of the charter no citizen of the Netherlands could trade with any point on the African coast between the Tropic of Cancer and the Cape of Good Hope or on the American coast between Newfoundland and the Straits of Magellan without the company's permission. The company was responsible to the States-General in larger matters, such as declaring war, but otherwise had almost complete administrative and judicial power in its territory. The company was initially interested taking Brazil from the Portuguese. After 30 years of warfare, however, Brazil was lost. By that time the company had built Fort Orange (1624) on the site of Albany, N.Y., Fort Nassau (1624) on the Delaware River, Fort Good Hope on the site of Hartford on the Connecticut River, and finally Fort Amsterdam (1626), on the southern tip of Manhattan Island, which was the nucleus of the settlement called New Amsterdam, now New York City. England could not then afford to antagonize the Dutch because of wars with France and Spain and so permitted the Dutch settlement to be made on lands that England claimed. New Netherland remained under the control of the company until the English finally conquered it in 1664 (see New YorkNew York,
Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Ontario (NW), and the province of Quebec (N).
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, state). The company's unsound financial condition led to its reorganization under a new charter in 1674. Thereafter it engaged primarily in the African slave trade, though it still possessed colonies in Guiana. In 1791 its charter expired and was not renewed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peter Stuyvesant, Director General of the Dutch West India Company and Governor of New Netherland, surrender on September 8, 1664 effectively ending four decades of control by the Company over what would soon become New York City.
Watson deals only with slave law under the Dutch West India Company, not under the Dutch East India Company.
The wide street running across the top (west) of the plan was, at one time, named Brede Wegh in Dutch--later anglicised as Broadway--and was originally built to link the settlement's fortress with the orchards and gardens of the Dutch West India Company.
The foundation of a Dutch West India Company became for Usselincx and his supporters a moral mission, a drive to "save" the native Americans and forge with them the anti-Spanish alliance they so desperately sought.
The first colonists sent by the Dutch West India Company settled along the Hudson R.
To achieve the goals of permanent settlement and agricultural production, the Dutch West India Company instituted the patroon system, in which landowners were given tracts of land to settle and develop.
Ifa Kamau Cush does not agree with its contents and argues that had Gates engaged in a historiographical analysis of his chosen topic, slavery, he would have been compelled to examine the role of the British Royal African Company, the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch West India Company, the Joint Stock Trading Company, the Danish Guinea Company, the Swedish Africa Company, the French Senegal Company, etc.
In 1621, the Dutch government gave control of a 250-mile strip of the American continent, called New Netherland, to the Dutch West India Company. For directors of the company, New Netherland was all about making money by trading for animal furs with the Indians.
The diary of his visit to the offices of the Dutch West India Company to negotiate a South American colony for the Count of Hanau, yields a rich description of seventeenth-century Dutch capitalism at work.
Their right to stay was upheld by the Dutch West India Company against the wishes of Gov.
Although the links in the slave trade between Upper Guinea and Curasao have been claimed to be weak, Jacobs argues that the Amsterdam chapter of the first Dutch West India Company actually had a significant presence in the relevant part of West Africa, and that the Sephardic Jews, important financers of the Company, were also established there.
When the Dutch West India Company set up a trading post on Manhattan in the 17th century (see play, pp.