Dutch language


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Dutch language,

member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languagesGermanic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by about 470 million people in many parts of the world, but chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
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). Also called Netherlandish, it is spoken by about 15 million inhabitants of the Netherlands, where it is the national language, and by about 300,000 people in the Western Hemisphere. The written and spoken forms of Dutch differ significantly. For example, written Dutch exhibits far greater formality than spoken Dutch in both grammar and vocabulary. One reason for this divergence is that written Dutch evolved from the Flemish dialect spoken in the culturally advanced Flanders and Brabant of the 15th cent., whereas modern spoken Dutch grew out of the vernacular of the province of Holland, which became dominant after the 16th cent. (see Flemish languageFlemish language,
member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Generally regarded as the Belgian variant of Dutch (see Dutch language) rather than as a separate tongue, Flemish is spoken by
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). Also, written Dutch is relatively uniform, while the spoken language has a number of dialects as well as an official standard form. The Roman alphabet is used for Dutch, and the earliest existing texts in the language go back to the late 12th cent. Among the words with which Dutch has enriched the English vocabulary are: brandy, cole slaw, cookie, cruiser, dock, easel, freight, landscape, spook, stoop, and yacht. Dutch is noteworthy as the language of an outstanding literature, but it also became important as the tongue of an enterprising people, who, though comparatively few in number, made their mark on the world community through trade and empire.

Bibliography

See C. B. van Haeringen, Netherlandic Language Research (2d ed. 1960); W. Z. Shetter, An Introduction to Dutch (3d ed. 1968); B. C. Donaldson, Dutch: A Linguistic History of Holland and Belgium (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Dutch Language Training Services
com, Merckx confirmed this to Belgium's Dutch language newspaper Het Laatste Nieuws and 'the reason for this decision is unclear'.
The researchers found that participants who had consumed little alcohol had better Dutch language skills, particularly when it came to pronunciation than those participants who did not consume the drink.
Participants also rated their own Dutch language skills during the conversation (self-ratings).
Although some readers may wish for a less thoroughgoing treatment of the subject, scholars from an array of disciplines, as well as nonscholars interested in Pennsylvania Dutch language and culture, will benefit from Louden's careful analysis.
The Institute, which is one of the Catholic schools in Flanders, is a school for vocational, technical, art and basic Dutch language education for pupils who have newly arrived in Belgium, including immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers.
The Nederlandse Taalunie (Language Union) is the authoritative institute created by the Dutch and Flemish governments to follow developments in the Dutch language and to safeguard and promote issues concerning the Dutch language.
Prior to this acquisition, JD has a more limited presence in the Netherlands with 16 stores and a Dutch language trading website.
Inside the boot of the Mercedes was a list, again in the men's native Dutch language, "which directly correlated to that (coloured) tape; the cocaine, the heroin".
Taal-& letterkunde (Querido, 2003), Battus (the pen name of Hugo Brandt Corstius) presents a new way to define a vowel in the Dutch language.
The Dutch Language in Britain (1550-1702): A Social History of the Use of Dutch in Early Modern Britain
The Forum's program has included five lectures shedding light on religious affairs, as well as the curriculum in terms of translation from Arabic into Dutch language.