Dutch language

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Dutch language,

member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languagesGermanic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by about 470 million people in many parts of the world, but chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
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). Also called Netherlandish, it is spoken by about 15 million inhabitants of the Netherlands, where it is the national language, and by about 300,000 people in the Western Hemisphere. The written and spoken forms of Dutch differ significantly. For example, written Dutch exhibits far greater formality than spoken Dutch in both grammar and vocabulary. One reason for this divergence is that written Dutch evolved from the Flemish dialect spoken in the culturally advanced Flanders and Brabant of the 15th cent., whereas modern spoken Dutch grew out of the vernacular of the province of Holland, which became dominant after the 16th cent. (see Flemish languageFlemish language,
member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Generally regarded as the Belgian variant of Dutch (see Dutch language) rather than as a separate tongue, Flemish is spoken by
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). Also, written Dutch is relatively uniform, while the spoken language has a number of dialects as well as an official standard form. The Roman alphabet is used for Dutch, and the earliest existing texts in the language go back to the late 12th cent. Among the words with which Dutch has enriched the English vocabulary are: brandy, cole slaw, cookie, cruiser, dock, easel, freight, landscape, spook, stoop, and yacht. Dutch is noteworthy as the language of an outstanding literature, but it also became important as the tongue of an enterprising people, who, though comparatively few in number, made their mark on the world community through trade and empire.

Bibliography

See C. B. van Haeringen, Netherlandic Language Research (2d ed. 1960); W. Z. Shetter, An Introduction to Dutch (3d ed. 1968); B. C. Donaldson, Dutch: A Linguistic History of Holland and Belgium (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
BRUSSELS, Oct 16 (KUNA) -- Dutch-language libraries in three Brussels municipalities are offering their readers a selection of books in Arabic.
Vincent and Irons have won the prize for their translation work on 100 Dutch-Language Poems, along with Rough for his translation of The Heart of Man by Jon Kalman Stefansson.
The Dutch-language companion, a special issue of 'Kunstschrift', offers in five short essays similar information as the English-language catalogue offers, but, of course, cannot go into much detail in the fifty pages available.
The two Belgian Dutch-language newspapers, De Morgen and Het Laatste Nieuws, cited documents they said showed staff was seriously concerned about Hadfi's extremist views, which were evident in the classroom.
He reportedly told Dutch-language Belgian magazine Humo he is attached to the series for another few years.
Published in conjunction with an exhibition at the National Museum of Antiquities, Leiden, The Netherlands, September 2013-March 2014, this volume is the English-language translation of the Dutch-language original.
The disputed decree imposes the use of Dutch for employment contracts between employees and employers where the employer's established place of business is in the Dutch-language region (the Flemish community, one of Belgium's three language communities).
LITERATURE goes international this week when six top Dutch-language storytellers arrive at the Epstein Theatre.
A year and a half ago there maybe was a risk of a domino effect," De Gucht told Belgium's Dutch-language newspaper De Standaard, in comments confirmed by a person close to him.
A year and a half ago there may have been the danger of a domino effect," he said in an interview with the Belgium's Dutch-language newspaper De Standaard.
ADPnews) - Jun 7, 2011 - Belgian media group Concentra NV, the publisher of Dutch-language newspapers Het Belang Van Limburg and Gazet van Antwerpen, reported today a net profit of EUR 3.
The CPNB alternates between foreign authors and Dutch-language authors, but the author selected is recognized as one of the best in the genre.

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