Named after the Haitian mythological character Tonton Macoute ("uncle bogeyman") who kidnaps and eats children, the force sidelined the FAd'H after Duvalier
managed to foil a conspiracy by the armed forces to overthrow him.
's spendthrift ways and an expensive divorce got him into financial difficulties, but just going back to Haiti was not going to fix that.
C'est la verite qui nous soulagera." (2) Because there had been no truth and reconciliation initiatives, no prosecution for Duvalier
's crimes against humanity, la terreur was cloaked in silence by the official historic record though painfully omnipresent in the memory of traumatized individuals.
More specifically, on the matter of political history, she writes: "Anyway, Duvalier
fled, and, as I said earlier, eventually Aristide was elected and then he was ousted, and then he returned, and then he was elected again, and then he was ousted again.
Selon le conseiller, le Gouvernement suisse s'engage, apres l'amendement de la loi Duvalier
,a bloquer les fonds pilles par les As de l'ancien regime et restituer a l'Egypte 770 millions de dollars.
The first immigrants (1960s) to form the Haitian hometown associations were exiles from the Duvalier
On Monday, a Haitian magistrate cleared Duvalier
, known as Baby Doc, of well-documented violations, including extra-judicial killings, torture and disappearances, during his bloody reign from 1971 to 1986.
A Haitian judge said that torture and murder committed during Duvalier
's 1971-86 rule fell outside Haiti's statute of limitations.
From Douglass to Duvalier
: US African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 1870-1964.
's return to Haiti should be for one purpose only: to face justice." Jose Miguel Vivanco, director of Human Rights Watch's American Division, on the sudden return of former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier
, known as Baby Doc, to the Caribbean nation, after more than 24 years in exile