Dyck, Christopher van

Dyck, Christopher van

(vän dīk`), 1601–c.1672, German designer and maker of printing type, who worked in Amsterdam. Types that he designed were used by the ElzevirElzevir, Louis
, 1540–1617, Dutch printer and bookseller, whose name also appeared as Elsevier or Elzevier. He produced his first book at Leiden in 1583. Under his descendants, the business was continued until 1791.
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 firm. His roman typeface was of the kind known in England and America as "old style" and on the Continent as "Elzevir." It was sturdy, legible, without much contrast between light and heavy lines, and with inconspicuous serifs. It strongly influenced CaslonCaslon, William
, 1692–1766, English type designer, b. Worcestershire. He worked first in London as an engraver of gunlocks, then set up his own foundry in 1716. The merits of Caslon's types were rediscovered after a brief eclipse in the popularity of John Baskerville's
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 and other designers of old-style types.
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