Dysarthria


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dysarthria

[di′sär·thrē·ə]
(medicine)
Impairment of articulation caused by any disorder or lesion affecting the tongue or speech muscles.

Dysarthria

 

a disorder of articulate speech, expressed in difficult or distorted pronunciation of certain words, syllables, and sounds (mainly consonants). It arises as a result of diseases of various parts of the brain or disruption of innervation of the vocal cords, the muscles of the soft palate, or the facial or respiratory muscles; it also occurs because of harelip, cleft palate, or the absence of teeth. As a secondary consequence of dysarthria, one often observes a disturbance in writing, caused by the difficulty in distinct enunciation of the sound composition of a word. Dysarthria may be expressed in varying degrees. In serious cases speech becomes incomprehensible, which limits communication with others and leads to secondary deviations in general development. The removal of speech defects characteristic of dysarthria is achieved by means of logopedic therapy or by treatment of the basic disease causing it.

References in periodicals archive ?
She showed a favorable evolution over the next months until, on 13th September of the same year, she presented a clinical picture with similar characteristics but with lower intensity and no dysarthria (the last dose of golimumab was administered on August 19; hence, dysarthria reappeared again about 1 month from golimumab administration until the appearance of the symptoms).
It may present with vertigo, tinnitus, diplopia, dysarthria, etc.
Kang, "Impact of co-occurring dysarthria and aphasia on functional recovery in post-stroke patients," Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol.
She was first found hypothermic in March 2013 after an admission for confusion (GCS 10/15), dysarthria, and reduced mobility (see Table 1).
Six months ago, he was hospitalized in another neurological department because of a one-week persistent dysarthria. An obtained cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at that time revealed a symmetric hyperintensity in both cerebellar hemispheres (Figure 1(a)).
Common symptoms of neuroacanthocytosis include epileptic seizures, dysarthria, and cognitive and psychiatric disorders.
Studies reaffirm that quality of life is largely affected by the presence of dysarthria caused by various underlying diseases (6, 7)
PCD associated with anti-Yo antibodies has been described in prior reports associated with various neoplasms and presents with ataxia, nystagmus, vertigo, and dysarthria [2, 3].
The clinical manifestations consist of mild or high-grade fever, headache, altered mental state, and acute onset of cerebellar symptoms such as truncal ataxia, nystagmus, tremor, dysarthria, and hypotonia [1].
Moderate and/or severe dysarthria were considered as indicative (sufficiently and absolutely determinant) of APD for 77.40%ofneurologistsinthe first-round and 76.92% in the second-round.
Post operatively mouth opening was improved considerably with transient dysarthria and dysphagia which improved with the passage of time.
Ataxia and dysarthria are common presenting signs; however three clinical stages of the disease have been described.