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Difficult or painful menstruation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides menstrual irregularities other complications as dysmenorrhea dysparunia abdominal pain and stress incontinences have been reported after abdominal and vaginal sterilization15.
A review of the literature indicates that primary dysmenorrhea is caused by increased production of endometrial prostaglandins.
(12,13) The LNG-IUD has also been shown to improve symptoms in women with dysmenorrhea secondary to fibroids.
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Key Words: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), Dysmenorrhea, Menstruation.
Results: PG significantly inhibited the uterine contraction of the primary dysmenorrhea rat model (p < 0.05), and was significantly different than single-agent therapy (p < 0.05).
The issuance of this patent covering the management of dysmenorrhea extends Estelle's IP protection in Japan until 2037.
Dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps are painful sensations that affect women before and during their menstrual period.
Dysmenorrhea was the most prevalent 140 (70 %) menstrual disorder in our sample, followed by PMS 64 (32 %), and abnormal cycle lengths 54 (27.5%)
Pelvic pain associated with primary dysmenorrhea typically occurs in concert with the onset of menstrual flow and lasts for approximately 8 to 72 hours.
Over 90% of menstruating women are negatively impacted by primary dysmenorrhea and experience pelvic pain on a regular basis.