Edward Donnall Thomas

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Thomas, Edward Donnall,

1920–2012, American surgeon, b. Mart, Tex., M.D. Harvard, 1946. At the Univ. of Washington from 1963 (emeritus from 1990), Thomas performed (1969) the first successful bone marrow transplant between people who were not twins, using tissue crossmatching, radiation, sterilized environments, and immunosuppressive drugs to help prevent immune system complications and postoperative infection. For his innovations, which led to the use of the procedure as a standard treatment for leukemia in young people, he was awarded the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, which he shared with Joseph E. MurrayMurray, Joseph Edward,
1919–2012, American surgeon, b. Milford, Mass., M.D. Harvard, 1943. Trained as a plastic surgeon, Murray became interested in organ transplants, performing the first human kidney transplant in 1954 between two men who were identical twins.
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, the first doctor to perform a successful kidney transplant. Known as the "father of the bone marrow transplant," Thomas built the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Wash., which he joined in 1974, into the world's largest bone marrow transplant unit.
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References in periodicals archive ?
E. Donnall Thomas, who won for his work in bone marrow transplantation.
It has recently come to our attention that the feature article "Workingman's Slam" by Patrick Meitin (September 2008) should have been credited as an original idea by E. Donnall Thomas,Jr.
Murray, a pathfinder in kidney transplants at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and bone-marrow specialist E. Donnall Thomas of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center in Seattle will share the prize, worth approximately $700,000.
The transplant professionals honored as pioneers included: Murray; Sir Roy Calne; Michael DeBakey, MD; Richard Lower, MD; John Najarian, MD; Oscar Salvatierra, Jr., MD; Norman Shumway, MD, PhD; Hans Sollinger, MD, PhD; Thomas Starzl, MD, PhD; David Sutherland, MD, PhD; Paul Terasaki, MD, PhD; and E. Donnall Thomas, MD.
Nobel Prize Winner E. Donnall Thomas, MD, a pioneer in bone marrow transplantation, is one of the defendants.