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a. a vivid red colour, sometimes with a purplish tinge
b. (as adjective): carmine paint
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a red dye extracted from the bodies of wingless female cochineal insects. Carmine, a complex organic carminic acid, is extracted from the insects with hot water and acetic acid. It is soluble in water and alkalies. One gram of carmine is obtained from 150-175 insects. Carmine is used as a food coloring and a cosmetic dye. It is also used to stain microscopic specimens.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This special campaign was developed by CFLA's Japanese agent in Tokyo and the initial promotion of Canada Tsuga E120 in Japan took place in 2003; the advert ran in trade magazines as well as engineering and architectural journals.
He said that Carmine (E120), being used for colouring the jelly and lollipop, was not allowed as per PFA regulation because it was extracted from an insect.
The matter came to light when a Gulf News reader questioned the food colouring ingredient E120 found in several imported sweets, claiming that it was made of crushed insects.
Come by Booth E120, E217, and E118 to see this solution in action.
The E120s and third VHF mounted in the console are protected by a full width, heavy duty latching/locking custom clear Chris Powers cover.
That colt had sold for E70,000 at the 2007 Tattersalls Ireland November Sale, recouping much of the E120,000 he had cost inside his dam at the same venue a year earlier.
PAUL Nicholls plundered another Irish 'pot' when Dear Villez landed the E120,000 Munster National at Limerick yesterday, crowning a superb weekend for Ruby Walsh.
They contain a common colourant called cochineal, otherwise known as carmine or E120.
Thereafter, each specimen was graded by a professional lumber grader according to the CFLA E120 visual grading procedure.
Mean (SD) counts [sup.41]Ca Instrument Last calibrated Calibration due Blank stock E120 A January 2003 April 2004 45 (15) 45 (15) E120 B September 2002 December 2003 30 (10) 30 (10) Table 2.
Dolly mixture sweets and flying saucers are among the children's products which have been reformulated to remove colourings such as Quinoline Yellow (E104), Cochineal (E120), and Indigo Carmine (E132).
SINN Fein says the ESB is heartless for selling off its 52 retail outlets to the Irish division of Bank of Scotland for e120 million.