potassium nitrate

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potassium nitrate,

chemical compound, KNO3, occurring as colorless, prismatic crystals or as a white powder; it is found pure in nature as the mineral saltpeter, or niter. (The name saltpeter is also applied to sodium nitratesodium nitrate,
chemical compound, NaNO3, a colorless, odorless crystalline compound that closely resembles potassium nitrate (saltpeter or niter) in appearance and chemical properties. It is soluble in water, alcohol, and liquid ammonia.
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, although less frequently.) It is slightly soluble in cold water and very soluble in hot water. Potassium nitrate is prepared commercially by the reaction of potassium chloride with sodium nitrate. When potassium nitrate decomposes (on heating) it releases oxygen; it has been used extensively as the oxygen-supplying component of gunpowder since about the 12th cent. It is also used in explosives, fireworks, model rocket propellants, matches, and fertilizers, as a preservative in foods (especially meats), and in the manufacture of nitric acid and of glass.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Potassium Nitrate

 

a salt; colorless crystals. Density, 2.11 g/cm3; melting point, 339°C. Readily soluble in water (31 g in 100 g H2O at 20°C; 246 g at 100°C).

Mixtures of potassium nitrate and organic substances are easily flammable and burn vigorously. Potassium nitrate is prepared by reacting HNO3 or nitrous gases with K2C03 or KC1. Potassium nitrate is used as a fertilizer, in glassmaking, and in the production of gunpowder.

In agriculture, potassium nitrate containing 44 percent K2O and 13 percent nitrogen is used as a base fertilizer (applied in the spring) and as a top-dressing for chlorine-sensitive crops (flax, potatoes, tobacco, grapes).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

potassium nitrate

[pə′tas·ē·əm ′nī‚trāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
KNO3 Flammable, water-soluble, white crystals with saline taste; melts at 337°C; used in pyrotechnics, explosives, and matches, as a fertilizer, and as an analytical reagent. Also known as niter.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

potassium nitrate

a colourless or white crystalline compound used in gunpowders, pyrotechnics, fertilizers, and as a preservative for foods, esp as a curing salt for ham, sausages, etc. (E252). Formula: KNO3
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005