ECMAScript is defined by Ecma International
, a standards body.
adoption of OOXML within Ecma International
and then initiating the
 ECMA International
, ECMA-368: High Rate Ultra Wideband PHY and MAC Standard, 3rd Ed.
The format was later standardized by the Ecma International
Technical Committee 43 (TC43) as ECMA-363 (ECMA, 2007).
(2002), Near Field Communication.
 *** (2005) "High rate ultra wideband PHY and MAC standard", Standard ECMA-368, ECMA International
, Geneva, Dec.
. Near Field Communication Interface and Protocol (NFCIP-1).
then submitted the standard in December 2006 to ISO/IEC JTC 1, with whom it has category A liaison status, for adoption as an International Standard.
The Red Book specification costs $250, although a free, substantively similar version of the Red Book specification is available from ECMA International
at its Web site (www.ecma-international.org).
The Open XML format was originated by Microsoft and standardized by the Ecma International
organization's technical committee, TC45.
The Optical Storage Technology Association (www .osta.org) and Ecma International
(www .ecma-international.com) announced they have joined to finalize an industry-wide, archival-grade, optical disc specification.
The WiMedia UWB Common Radio Platform is moving toward International Organization for Standardization (ISO) acceptance through Ecma International
's ECMA-368 and ECMA-369 standards.