"Any money recovered through the issue of ECNs
is reinvested in the council's off-street parking service."
The reduction in the levels of the reservoirs, due to water consumption by plants, was measured and the volume was replaced every 7 days, but the monitoring of ECns
and pH of the nutrient solution (pHns) was carried out every day.
The resulting controversy led to the 1997 SEC order handling rules, which in turn led to the proliferation of ECNs
and to a reduction in bid-ask spreads (Stoll, 2006; Fabozzi, 2008).
242.600(23) (2005) (defining ECNs
as "any electronic system that
Since 1997 ECNs
like Instinet, Island and Archipelago have provided trading platforms that can match customer orders anonymously.
Our research design is very similar to Fink, Fink, and Weston (2006) which studies the development of the alternative trading systems for NASDAQ stocks and found that the increase in the market shares of ECNs
is associated with tighter effective and relative bid-ask spreads, greater depths, and less concentrated markets.
On a bottom-line basis, pre-tax profits dropped 46% to PS654 million, but this includes a PS790 million charge from buying back high-interest bonds - also called "enhanced capital notes" or ECNs
- from investors.
Thus, we understand that the ECNs
adopt a relevant role in the development of an approach to leadership and collaborative governing at a community level and, therefore, the study of good ECN
practices in our country can describe some of the optimum and necessary conditions to lead in the current educational context.
"FNB operates under an ECS/ECNS licence which means it is authorised by the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa to provide electronic communications network services (ECNS
) to customers over its own or via another company's network."
(also called electronic communication networks (ECNs
)) also came from
The capital and its neighboring provinces are once again shrouded in severe smog, primarily because of central heating in North China that requires burning huge amounts of coal, reports ECNS