National Organization of Cypriot Fighters

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National Organization of Cypriot Fighters


(Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston; EOKA), a military and political organization of Cypriot Greeks, primarily prosperous peasants and merchants, advocating the immediate union of Cyprus with Greece.

EOKA was founded in 1951 by the Greek colonel G. Grivas (died January 1974) ostensibly for the purpose of fighting against British domination on Cyprus. In reality, the small armed groups making up the organization waged their terrorist activities not so much against British soldiers on Cyprus as against activists of the Progressive Party of the Working People of Cyprus and other democratic organizations. After the formation of the Republic of Cyprus, EOKA continued its avowed fight for enosis (union).

On July 15, 1974, the EOKA groups known as EOKA–2 took part in an antigovernment uprising. As a result of the rebellion, Turkish troops landed on Cyprus, relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots became strained, and the independence of the Republic of Cyprus was weakened.

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EOKA was a Greek Cypriot organisation that took up arms against British colonial rule between 1955 and 1959 with the ultimate aim of uniting the island with Greece.
However, Gerry is quite wrong to refer to the EOKA uprising as a little sideshow.
7) What the British Government need was clear proof that Makarios was actually connected to EOKA.
Not only has Grivas' handwriting been identified by a graphologist and a number of captured terrorists, but the diaries contain such a complete and detailed account of the build-up of EOKA that no one but Grivas--whom Athens has identified as Dighenis--could have written them.
Queen jeered: Protests greet Queen Elizabeth II on a visit to Cyprus for the Commonwealth heads of state meeting as memories of EOKA executions resurface -- October 20, 1993
Secret Foreign Office files that came to light contain claims of brutal treatment by British forces in Cyprus, during the 1955-1959 EOKA anti-colonial armed struggle, citing cases of excessive violence and murder of citizens that were under custody.
In 1955, Greek Cypriots established an organization named EOKA, and launched initiatives to unite with Greece.
Isaac Foot was Liberal MP for Bodmin - the father of Michael, Dingle Foot and Sir Hugh Foot, who was governor of Cyprus when I was a policeman there during the EOKA uprising.
Grivas wrote a letter which he entered in his fourth diary as having been sent to "Gen" in which he repeated that he was ready and in which he asked for a final confirmation of the date on which EOKA operations were to be started.
Referring to the photographic exhibition, which is part of the general exhibition, Stephanou noted that through the photographic images people may reflect on the historic path and realize "how we reached here" and "what we did wrong to end up in the double crime in 1974 of the treacherous, fascist coup d'etat of the Athens junta and EOKA B', and of the Turkish invasion that followed".
Greek Cypriots, who supported EOKA which was against delay in Enosis, and the military junta in Greece had made a military coup against Makarios, the ''president of Cyprus'', in order to achieve Enosis as soon as possible.
I served for 11 years in the Army and later served two years in Cyprus during the EOKA uprising, but I mention this only to let you know that I may have a legitimate claim to have an opinion on this delicate subject.