Erasmus


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Erasmus

(ĭrăz`məs) or

Desiderius Erasmus

(dĕsĭdēr`ēəs) [Gr. Erasmus, his given name, and Lat., Desiderius=beloved; both are regarded as the equivalent of Dutch Gerard, Erasmus' father's name], 1466?–1536, Dutch humanist, b. Rotterdam. He was ordained priest of the Roman Catholic Church and studied at the Univ. of Paris. Erasmus' influence began to be felt in Europe after 1500. It was exercised through his personal contacts, his editions of classical authors, and his own writings. He was acquainted with most of the scholars of Europe and his circle of friends was especially large in England; it included Thomas More, John Colet, and Henry VIII. His editions of Greek and Latin classics and of the Fathers of the Church (especially of Jerome and Athanasius) were his chief occupation for years. His Latin edition of the New Testament was based on the original Greek text. For many years he was editor for the printer Johannes FrobenFroben, Johannes
, 1460–1527, German printer. He established himself at Basel and there in 1516 printed the Greek New Testament, edited and translated into Latin by Erasmus.
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 in Basel. Erasmus' original works are mainly satirical and critical. Written in Latin, the language of the 16th-century scholar, the most important works are Adagia (1500, tr. Adages or Proverbs), a collection of quotations; Enchiridion militis christiani (1503, tr. Manual of the Christian Knight); Moriae encomium (1509, tr. The Praise of Folly, 1979); Institutio principis christiani (1515, tr. The Education of a Christian Prince, 1968); Colloquia (1516, tr. Colloquies); and his collected letters (tr., ed. by F. M. Nichols, 1904–18; repr. 1962). Erasmus combined vast learning with a fine style, a keen and sometimes sharp humor, moderation, and tolerance. His position on the Reformation was widely denounced, especially by Martin Luther, who had first looked on Erasmus as an ally because of Erasmus' attacks on clerical abuse and lay ignorance. Though eager for church reform, Erasmus remained all his life within the Roman Catholic Church. As a humanist he deplored the religious warfare of the time because of the rancorous, intolerant atmosphere and cultural decline that it induced. Erasmus was finally brought into open conflict with Luther and attacked his position on predestination in On the Freedom of the Will.

Bibliography

See studies by M. M. Phillips (1949, repr. 1965), J. Huizinga (tr. 1952, repr. 1957), R. H. Bainton (1969), T. A. Dorey, ed. (1970), and G. Thompson (1974).

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Erasmus

Desiderius , real name Gerhard Gerhards. ?1466--1536, Dutch humanist, the leading scholar of the Renaissance in northern Europe. He published the first Greek edition of the New Testament in 1516; his other works include the satirical Encomium Moriae (1509); Colloquia (1519), a series of dialogues; and an attack on the theology of Luther, De Libero Arbitrio (1524)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(29) "Nimium etiam dissipiunt qui in rebus ipsis felicitatem hominis sitam esse existimant." Erasmus, (ed.
Naturally, given his aims and his conviction that the Greek he was translating was the Greek spoken by the Holy Spirit, Krans points out that Beza was even more reluctant to introduce conjectures than Erasmus. And as devoting attention to the Greek text would have played into the hands of Castellio and his supporters, he did not innovate in matters of textual criticism.
This statement echoes Erasmus's insistence that in the Christian experience something had to happen to a man's heart and mind.
As part of the agreement, Erasmus MC, the largest Medical School and University Hospital in Holland with over 10,000 employees, will use early access Affymetrix technologies.
Collaborate closely with core faculty of the Erasmus Initiative, as well as researchers in the Department of Finance of RSM and researchers at the Erasmus Institute for Philosophy and Economics (EIPE) of ESPhil;
He pointed out that in the period from 2021 to 2027 the EU will double the funds allocated for the Erasmus + Program, and that with the current 300 mobility programs, it plans another 4,000, expressing satisfaction with the growing interest of potential beneficiaries, i.e.
Being a seven-year programme, there is confirmation that the UK will remain part of Erasmus until the programme closes in 2020.
Coetzee was dismissed last month following a run of poor results, and 45-year-old Erasmus will combine coaching duties with his role as SA Rugby's director of rugby.
Erasmus students who return home after studying abroad tend to maintain ties to the countries they have visited or lived for a while.
Be that as it may, the real interest of Schenk's book is that he shows convincingly that Origen and Erasmus were misinterpreted and often vilified for the same reasons: an unthinking conservatism, often fueled by envy and an unwillingness by the bigots to recognize that Catholic doctrine develops over time: so that, for example, Paul could not have written a Thomist account of transubstantiation nor could the Council of Chalcedon have preceded the Council of Nicaea.
Head coach Erasmus told his squad in the weeks building up to their Champions Cup semi-final defeat to Saracens that he was not going back to his native South Africa to head up their national coaching set-up.
"That also seems to have happened with some of those taking part in Erasmus, including in a more romantic sense.