eta


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ETA

Euzkadi ta Askatsuna: an organization of militant Basque nationalists attempting to gain independence for the Basques, esp those ruled by Spain, until a cease-fire in 1998, by means of guerrilla warfare

eta

(η) The seventh letter of the Greek alphabet, used in stellar nomenclature usually to designate the seventh-brightest star in a constellation or sometimes to indicate a star's position in a group.

Eta

 

an outcast class in feudal Japan. The term “eta” is also applied to a member of the class.

The eta caste arose between the fourth and seventh centuries, when Buddhism was spreading throughout the country and the feudal system was taking root. The eta engaged in occupations considered unclean in Buddhism, such as the slaughtering and skinning of animals and the tanning of hides. They had no rights whatsoever, and all spheres of their life were strictly regulated. They could live only in specified areas or hamlets (buraku) and were forbidden to marry members of other classes.

In 1871 the caste was formally abolished, and the eta were incorporated into the third caste as shinheimin (new commoners). Discrimination against them continued, however. In 1922 the Suiheisha (Society for the Equalization of Rights) was founded to fight inequality in various spheres of life, such as the choice of an occupation. The society established contact with other democratic organizations. The Buraku Kaihoodoomei (League for the Liberation of the Buraku), which was founded in 1946, fights discrimination and works for improvement in the living standards of the descendants of the eta.

ETA

References in periodicals archive ?
The ETA representative said that the matter would be raised with the firm's senior management before issuing a response to Dr Aleem.
eta College has campuses in Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Pretoria, Stellenbosch, Mauritius and Dubai.
The eta Aquariids underwent enhanced activity in 2013, with peak rates about double those of recent years, and peaking at [[lambda].
ETA is calling for its imprisoned members to be placed in Basque Country jails instead of being spread around the country.
Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero's government, however, insists on an unconditional surrender by ETA.
On Saturday, Eta came under pressure from Batasuna, its political wing, to show its willingness to permanently renounce violence.
The transfer of the logistics division got delayed because of deterioration in the credit risk profile of the ETA group.
ETA International is a not-for-profit, worldwide professional association whose mission is to represent and support the electronics professional.
While ETA traditionally has played an important role in providing job training, employment assistance, and labor market information for the nation's workers, the current unemployment crisis has made this role more critical.
In August 2009, PEO EIS received approval for all ETA acquisition decisions and programmatic documents.
A medio siglo de distancia, de su nacimiento en pleno franquismo, los terroristas de ETA no saben mas que una sola cosa: matar o tratar de hacerlo, sin importar que las victimas sean ninos.
ETA has spent nearly $900 million on three initiatives designed to shift federal job training efforts to high-growth, high-demand fields: the High-Growth Job Training Initiative, Community-Based Job Training Initiative and Workforce Innovation in Regional Economic Development (WIRED).