European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
The motion adopted by the EU parliament calls for an immediate release of all jailed students, farmers, opposition politicians, academics, bloggers and journalists for exercising their right to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression.
After January attacks in Paris in which radical Islamist gunmen killed 17 people, the EU Parliament revived the draft rules that it had blocked since 2013 over concerns about data protection and pledged to try to complete work on the proposal by year-end.
The EU Parliament is reportedly preparing a non-binding resolution which would separate Google's search engine operations in Europe from the rest of its business, Sky News revealed on Saturday.
As Marianne Thyssen, the new Belgian European Commissioner for employment and labour mobility, told the EU Parliament this month: "Freedom of movement and the single market is something I'm not prepared to shake.
We need a voice in the EU Parliament to stand up for these rights.
He said Iranian soldiers are dying in the fight against drug smugglers in order to stop drugs from going to Europe, but then the EU Parliament turns around and inconsiderately tells Iran to stop executing drug traffickers.
Following similar votes by two committees of the EU Parliament last month, the full legislative body voted today in favor of requiring public registries of beneficial ownership information for companies incorporated in the EU, as part of its revisions to the EU s Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD).
Both Advisor and Special Assistant to the Prime Minister appreciated the role played by the Friendship Group in garnering support in the EU Parliament for Pakistan's inclusion in GSP Plus Scheme.
30 -- The Last Phase, a documentary that revolves around the fate of a former LTTE woman fighter, was screened at the EU parliament in Brussels on Thursday.
If we had a single seat for the EU Parliament, we'd save [euro]1.
The EU parliament has approved central bank oversight as part of measures aimed at making the banking system stronger.
Something that would grab the public's attention and, in turn, create a dramatic display at the EU Parliament building.