Derby, Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th earl of

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Derby, Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th earl of

(där`bē), 1799–1869, British statesman. Although a Whig, he entered (1827) government as George Canning's undersecretary for the colonies. As chief secretary for Ireland (1830–33) under the 2d Earl Grey, he favored firm measures to deal with Irish unrest, but he also supported Irish educational projects. Given the colonial office in 1833, he secured the abolition of slavery but resigned (1834) in a controversy over the government's Irish policy. Having become a Conservative, he served as Peel's colonial secretary (1841–45). Resigning because he opposed repeal of the corn laws, he became leader (with Lord George Bentinck and Benjamin DisraeliDisraeli, Benjamin, 1st earl of Beaconsfield
, 1804–81, British statesman and author. He is regarded as the founder of the modern Conservative party.
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) of the Tory protectionists and headed two brief ministries (1852, 1858–59). Derby formed another government in 1866 with Disraeli as chancellor of the exchequer and leader in the House of Commons. Through Disraeli's initiative and skill the famous Reform Act of 1867 (see under Reform ActsReform Acts
or Reform Bills,
in British history, name given to three major measures that liberalized representation in Parliament in the 19th cent. Representation of the counties and boroughs in the House of Commons had not, except for the effects of parliamentary
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) was passed. Derby never quite fulfilled the promise of his early brilliance; it was his lieutenant, Disraeli, who modernized the Conservative party in this era.

Bibliography

See biography by A. Hawkins (2 vol., 2007–8); studies by W. D. Jones (1956) and R. Stewart (1971).

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References in classic literature ?
His sight having been injured in his early wars by a basketful of lime which had been emptied over him when he led the Earl of Derby's stormers up the breach at Bergerac, he had contracted something of a stoop, with a blinking, peering expression of face.
The name of the race was decided by a toss of a coin between the 12th Earl of Derby and Sir Charles Bunbury.
He is best known for his nonsense poetry; his most famous poem The Owl and the Pussycat was written at Knowsley Hall near Liverpool for the 13th Earl of Derby when Lear was invited to visit to paint parrots and animals in the menagerie.
FAMOUS FIVE facts about the best Flat race in the world No grey horse has won the Derby since Airborne in 1946 1 2 The race would have been called the 'Bunbury' had the Earl of Derby not won a coin toss 3 More than twice as many Derby winners have had names beginning with 'S' than with any other letter 4 Workforce holds the record for the fastest winning time of 2minutes, 31.33 seconds in 2010 The 1895 Derby was the first horserace in the world to be 5 OUTSIDERS win races every day in the sport of kings.
They include explorer and politician Sir Walter Raleigh, the fifth Earl of Rutland Roger Manners, 17th Earl of Oxford Edward de Vere, sixth Earl of Derby William Stanley and Sir Francis Bacon.
On public display for the first time will be one of the National Portrait Gallery's most recent acquisitions, a portrait of Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby, alongside several works owned by private collectors.
It may be the most important volume so far, covering Disraeli's achievements as chancellor of the exchequer in the third and longest-lived Tory government since 1852 and ending a few weeks before he ascended that famous "greasy pole" as prime minister, replacing the ailing Earl of Derby. For political historians, it details the struggle, in and out of cabinet, over the 1867 Reform Act.
William Stanley as Shakespeare: Evidence of Authorship by the Sixth Earl of Derby
The pub, which dates from 1251, is supposedly haunted by the Seventh Earl of Derby, James Stanley, who was beheaded in 1651.
The assassination of Shakespeare's patron; investigating the death of the Fifth Earl of Derby, 2d ed.
Known by friends as Teddy, he became the 19th Earl of Derby after the death of his uncle in 1994.