caries

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caries

progressive decay of a bone or a tooth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caries

 

a pathological process involving the gradual destruction of bony tissue or teeth.

Caries of bony tissue is caused by degeneration or infection of bone or periosteum that results in necrosis of portions of bone followed by absorption or disengagement of the dead tissues and formation of a bone ulcer. Caries may also be accompanied by specific inflammatory processes (for example, tuberculosis or syphilis). The mechanism of development and clinical symptoms of caries vary with the cause, location of the focus, and so forth. In acute inflammations (for example, osteomyelitis), when a focus of suppuration arises in bone and sometimes spreads to the surrounding tissues, caries is manifested by systemic intoxication, and bone destruction progresses rapidly. In chronic and especially specific processes, caries develops slowly without severely pronounced symptoms. Treatment consists in medication (antibiotics, sulfanilamides) and specific treatment (anti-syphilitic, antituberculotic). Surgery is frequently effective.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

caries

[′kar·ēz]
(medicine)
Bone decay.
Tooth decay. Also known as dental caries.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Update on early childhood caries since the Surgeon General's Report.
Nursing strategies to reduce the incidence of early childhood caries in culturally diverse populations.
Vitamin D status of children with severe early childhood caries: a case-control study.
Evaluation of an interdisciplinary preventive programme for early childhood caries: Findings of a regional German birth cohort study.
Association between early childhood caries, feeding practices and an established dental home.
Because decreasing bacterial transmission from parent to child is the first step in preventing early childhood caries (Marrs, Trumbley, & Malik, 2011), pediatric nurses and pediatric nurse practitioners must advise parents to avoid saliva-sharing behaviors (e.g., sharing spoons and other utensils, sharing cups, cleaning a dropped pacifier or toy with their mouth).
Early childhood caries and associated determinants: a cross-sectional study on Italian preschool children.
The Program is designed to provide training, technical assistance, education and support to California tribal and urban dental professionals and to programs like Tribal Head Start/Early Head Start/Childcare centers to promote community and clinic based initiatives that will help reduce the prevalence of oral disease and Early Childhood Caries (ECC) among native populations in California.

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