East Friesland

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East Friesland

(frēz`lənd), Ger. Ostfriesland, region and former duchy, c.1,100 sq mi (2,850 sq km), Lower Saxony, NW Germany, on the North Sea. It includes the East Frisian IslandsFrisian Islands
, chain of low-lying islands, off the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark, in the North Sea. The West Frisian Islands, also known as the Wadden Islands, belonging to the Netherlands, are off the shores of North Holland, Friesland, and Groningen provs.
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 and is separated in the west from the Netherlands by the Dollart, an inlet of the North Sea formed by the Ems estuary. Emden, a port and shipbuilding center, is the region's chief city. The extensive moors and marshlands of East Friesland have been partly reclaimed. Cattle raising, sheep raising, and farming are carried on, and there are fisheries along the coastline. East Friesland became a county of the Holy Roman Empire in 1454, was raised to a duchy in 1654, passed to Prussia in 1744, and—after various transfers during the French Revolutionary Wars—was attached to Hanover in 1815.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Having lost his capacity for memory he lived in a nursing home in Leer (East Frisia) near the city where he had spent his youth.
Amalia Elisabeth, however, from exile in East Frisia, took advantage of military victories by her army in Westphalia and the Rhineland to win support from the French (who coveted this region), and promises of huge financial support, to make Vienna nervous enough to eventually compromise on nearly all of its demands for Hesse-Cassel.
I'd arrived that morning with the intention of writing an article for a travel magazine about this North Sea region the Germans call East Frisia, but before I even set foot on the island, while still in Norddeich, I realized that not even embellishment and deceit--invaluable tools of the travel writing trade--could make what I'd seen the previous day seem attractive: towns that all looked the same, and even had similar names, straight from a story by Poe or Lovecraft--Wiesmoor, Neermoor; Hooksiel, Harlesiel, Bensersiel; Eilsum, Pewsum, Wybelsum--they sounded like places where only the worst could happen; even the stores were all the same, un reasonably sized, the people bitter and hostile.
My observations are drawn from repeated visits over a period of thirteen years (including a year of continuous fieldwork from 2010 to 2011) to Dobbe, a village located in the region of East Frisia between the North Sea and the Ems River.
They compared the Krummhorn region of East Frisia (Germany), which was a densely populated area with little space for demographic development, and the growing Canadian settlements in Quebec.
One of a Lasco's first professional stops was as Superintendent in East Frisia, and he was later connected to Emden through the refugee community that settled there.
These revival centers were not only located in certain regions of the Netherlands, but also in the German border countries of East Frisia, Bentheim, and the Lower Rhineland, which were closely connected with the Dutch Republic in culture and confession.
Set on the German-Dutch border where the Ems River empties into the North Sea, Emden has rarely seen its reputation rise above that of a sleepy "hometown" in backwater East Frisia. Only once in its history, in the second half of the sixteenth century and for no longer than a few decades, did Emden escape the monotony of its provincial existence and become a significant European hub.
In 1529 and 1530 in Strasbourg and Emden (East Frisia) a second, largely independent Anabaptist tradition was begun by the Swabian lay Protestant evangelist Melchior Hoffman.
What makes the tea business so successful in a country that has generally no strong traditional ties to the beverage save the region of East Frisia? "It's the increasing variability of available teas, an immense offer of specialties, and the wellness trend in combination with the consumers' growing health consciousness," explains Jochen Spethmann, c.e.o, of Ostfriesische Teegesellschaft (OTG) and at the same time head of the German Tea Association.