East Greenland Current


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East Greenland Current

[¦ēst ′grēn·lənd ‚kə·rənt]
(oceanography)
A current setting south along the eastern coast of Greenland and carrying water of low salinity and low temperature.

East Greenland Current

 

a cold current of the Arctic Ocean. It moves from north to south along the eastern shore of Greenland at a speed of about 1 km/hr. All year it carries ice from the Arctic basin. In summer there are icebergs in the East Greenland Current. The water temperature near the Greenland shores is lower than 0° C and on the eastern edge in summer reaches 2.4° C. Its salinity ranges from 32.0 to 33.0 parts per thousand.

References in periodicals archive ?
We hypothesize that when the TPD was deflected westward along northern Greenland, wood was delivered widely to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago; when the TPD exited entirely through Fram Strait via the East Greenland Current, little or no wood was delivered to most of the archipelago, but some continued into Baffin Bay via the West Greenland Current.
Most of this freshwater is exported to the Atlantic as sea ice, about 70% via the East Greenland Current and 30% via the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and the Baffin Current (Arctic System Science, 1990).
Flow out of Baffin Bay contributes to the offshore part of the Labrador Current, which is nearer to the convective area; that water comes from the Arctic Ocean through the channels of the Canadian Archipelago and from the East Greenland Current. The largest salinity fluctuations on time scales longer than a year seem to be related to pulses of brackish water arriving from the north, via the East Greenland Current, for example, "The Great Salinity Anomaly," described by Dickson et al.

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