East Turkistan


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East Turkistan:

see XinjiangXinjiang
or Sinkiang
[Chinese,=new frontier], officially Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Mandarin Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu), autonomous region (2010 pop. 21,813,334), c.637,000 sq mi (1,650,257 sq km), NW China.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It was in this way that the groups which formed the East Turkistan Separatist Organization were gradually pushed to armed activities and terrorist acts.
Pakistan borders the far-western Chinese region of Xinjiang claimed to be a sovereign country called East Turkistan by the natives who are also struggling for the independence from China but landlocked and only have access to Pakistan and Afghanistan has seen a series of clashes and attacks on civilians that have left more than 200 dead in the past year.
The military has also claimed the wiping out of Haqqani Network and the East Turkistan Movement from the region, the report said.
The East Turkistan Islamic Movement in Pakistan (ETIM), AKA the Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP), Turkistan Islamic Movement (TIM),
35) The TIP claims to be the successor organization to the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) which had been led by Hasan Mahsum, an Uighur militant who had trained in Afghanistan and Pakistan and was part of the Baren Riots.
Well-known organizations such as Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan,Islamic Jihad, East Turkistan Islamic Movement are actively returning to the region, he said at the IX meeting of Secretaries of Security Councils of the SCO member states in Dushanbe on Thursday.
The "East Turkistan" forces, among which the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) is a major group, are one of the major and direct reasons for increasing terrorist attacks in China, particularly in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Earlier this year, media reports suggested that militants belonging to East Turkistan Islamic Movement, which wants to create a Muslim state out of Xinjiang, were being trained in Pakistan's North Waziristan tribal agency.
China accuses some Uighur groups of launching attacks to establish an independent state called East Turkistan, with the help of Islamist groups in Pakistan and central Asia.
They demanded greater autonomy in Xinjiang, and aspired to establish a fully independent East Turkistan like the five new Central Asian countries to the PRC's West.
China's official statement on "East Turkistan Terrorists," published in January 2002, listed several groups allegedly responsible for violence, including the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM), the East Turkistan Liberation Organization (ETLO), the Islamic Reformist Party "Shock Brigade," the East Turkistan Islamic Party, the East Turkistan Opposition Party, the East Turkistan Islamic Party of Allah, the Uighur Liberation Organization (ULO), the Islamic Holy Warriors, and the East Turkistan International Committee.
While the United States backs Beijing's claim about the presence of terrorists in Xinjiang, particularly the East Turkistan Islamic Movement, it has reminded the Chinese government of its obligation to respect the human rights of ethnic minorities in the country, including the Uyghurs.
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