East-Central State

East-Central State

 

a state in Nigeria. Area, 29,300 sq km. Population, 7.2 million (1963 census; mainly Ibos). The most densely populated state in Nigeria. Administrative center, the city of Enugu.

The East-Central State is primarily a plain, which in the north forms a transition to a plateau and reaches an elevation of 523 m. The climate is equatorial monsoon. The wet season lasts for eight months and more; precipitation amounts to 1,800 mm annually. The vegetation is basically secondary tropical rain forest. The state’s economy is based on a monoculture system of oil palms, the products of which are one of the main items of export. Yams and manioc are grown chiefly for domestic consumption. Coal is mined, as well as iron ore, zinc, lead, and limestone. There are factories for producing palm oil and soap; and there are also tobacco and textile factories, steel mills, and cement plants. Domestic crafts are widespread, such as pottery and glass production, basket weaving, and rope plaiting. The state’s principal economic centers are Enugu, Onitsha, Aba, and Nkalagu.

N. S. ASOIAN

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It can, therefore, be said, without any fear of contradiction, that when this war shall have been won and the rebellion is totally crushed, and our people of the East-Central State become fully reintegrated with their fellow-Nigerian citizens, we shall have resealed Nigeria's unity with a compound of our sweat, tears, and blood.
The two prisons will be the Complexo Prisional de Ribeirao das Neves in the east-central state of Minas Gerais and the Centro Integrado de Ressocializacao de Itaquitinga in the northeastern state of Pernambuco.

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